pejoration


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pej·o·ra·tion

 (pĕj′ə-rā′shən, pē′jə-)
n.
1. The process or condition of worsening or degenerating.
2. Linguistics The process by which the meaning of a word becomes negative or disparaging over a period of time, as silly, from Middle English seely, "blessed, innocent," has come to mean "showing a lack of good sense, frivolous."

[Medieval Latin pēiōrātiō, pēiōrātiōn-, from Late Latin pēiōrātus, past participle of pēiōrāre, to make worse, from Latin pēior, worse; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pejoration

(ˌpiːdʒəˈreɪʃən)
n
1. (Linguistics) linguistics semantic change whereby a word acquires unfavourable connotations: the English word "silly" changed its meaning from "holy'"or "happy" by pejoration. Compare amelioration3
2. the process of worsening; deterioration
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pejoration

depreciation, loss, or diminution in value, quality, etc.
See also: Decaying
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

pejoration

A process by which the meaning of a word changes to something less favorable.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
References in periodicals archive ?
It seems worth probing why and how the word 'Randi/widow' took on such meanings through a process of pejoration.
Cette pejoration climatique semble evidente dans la zone d'etude, oo il n'est pas possible du moins pour l'instant de preciser si elle correspond a un phenomene episodique ou de longue duree, c'est a dire significatif en terme meteorologique.
Schultz (1990) points out that there are three origins of pejoration: associations with a contaminating concept, euphemism and prejudice.
Hinging on "therefore," such statements take collectivism as a logical premise and authorize in leftist discourse the reflexive pejoration and dismissal of the personal.
Lederer J (2013) 'Anchor baby': A conceptual explanation for pejoration. Journal of Pragmatics 57: 248-266.
(5) In turn, the opposite process to (a)melioration is usually referred to as 'pejoration' or 'degeneration of meaning' (cf.
(11) A byproduct of the semantic narrowing and accompanying pejoration was to put spree in a register deemed beyond the proper interests of the OED's etymological investigation.
Namely, the zoosemically-conditioned pejoration of human-specific vocabulary is--at least on rare occasions--gender-blind.
amelioration, and pejoration. (115) Sometimes, new meanings are
While depreciation of Jamaican Creole speakers for their speaking (and later writing) allegedly bad English never was gender specific, pejoration of the mother tongue of most Jamaicans is one more way in which ordinary Jamaican women experienced devaluation in colonial times and continue to experience it in neocolonial contexts.