pellagra


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Related to pellagra: beriberi

pel·lag·ra

 (pə-lăg′rə, -lā′grə, -lä′-)
n.
A disease caused by a deficiency of niacin and protein in the diet and characterized by skin eruptions, digestive and nervous system disturbances, and eventual mental deterioration.

[Italian : pelle, skin (from Latin pellis; see pel- in Indo-European roots) + -agra, a seizure (from Latin, from Greek -agrā, from agrā, a seizing; see ag- in Indo-European roots).]

pel·lag′rous adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pellagra

(pəˈleɪɡrə; -ˈlæ-)
n
(Pathology) pathol a disease caused by a dietary deficiency of nicotinic acid, characterized by burning or itching often followed by scaling of the skin, inflammation of the mouth, diarrhoea, mental impairment, etc
[C19: via Italian from pelle skin + -agra, from Greek agra paroxysm]
pelˈlagrous adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pel•la•gra

(pəˈlæg rə, -ˈleɪ grə, -ˈlɑ-)

n.
a disease caused by a deficiency of niacin in the diet, characterized by skin changes, severe nerve dysfunction, mental symptoms, and diarrhea.
[1805–15; < Italian < New Latin: skin disease = Latin pell(is) skin + Greek ágra seizure]
pel•la′grose, pel•la′grous, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

pel·lag·ra

(pə-lăg′rə, pə-lā′grə)
A disease caused by a lack of niacin in the diet. It causes skin and digestive disorders and mental deterioration.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pellagra - a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin)pellagra - a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders; may be caused by malnutrition or alcoholism or other nutritional impairments
avitaminosis, hypovitaminosis - any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

pellagra

[pəˈlægrə] Npelagra f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

pel·lag·ra

n. pelagra, enfermedad causada por deficiencia de niacina y caracterizada por dermatitis, trastornos gastrointestinales y finalmente mentales.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pellagra

n pelagra
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In sections on responding to chronic disease, scientific discourses, and the politics of dietary change, they discuss such topics as the pre-history of the paleo diet: cancer in 19th-century Britain, allergic to innovation: dietary change and debate about food allergy in the US, conceptualizing the vitamin and pellagra as an avitaminosis: a case-study analysis of the sedimentation process of medical knowledge, the popularization of a new nutrition concept: the calorie in Belgium 1914-18, nutritional reform and public feeding in Britain 1917-19, and like oil and water: food additives and America's food identity standards in the mid-20th century.
Unless treated with lime, cornmeal lacks niacin; niacin deficiency causes pellagra. The United States experienced a pellagra epidemic due to overdependence on cornbread (A.
Pellagra is a state of niacin deficiency, a vitamin required for various metabolic processes, cell signaling and DNA repair.
In the early 20th century, when the cause of pellagra was discovered to be complete or nearly complete deficiency of vitamin B3, the biochemical structure of the two different forms of vitamin B3 was also being determined.
The major psychoses and neuroses as omega-3 essential fatty acid deficiency syndrome: substrate pellagra. Biol Psychiatry.
I was 6 feet tall and 95 pounds, with malaria and pellagra. If the war had lasted another four months, many of us would not have survived.
That led to "pellagra," a disease caused by niacin deficiency.
When they isolated a substance which seemed to cure pellagra, a condition of malnourishment, he had to send it to investigators at Duke University for full animal testing he couldn't do on his own.
Schmick, Washington & Jefferson College; and Werner Troesken, University of Pittsburgh and NBER, "The Rise and Fall of Pellagra in the American South" (NBER Working Paper No.
Many were suffering from pellagra, a disease caused by inadequate niacin (vitamin B3).
Anaemia among women and children, rickets, Pellagra, scurvy, beriberi, night blindness, goiter, tuberculosis, kwashiorkor (protein deficiency), depression, osteoporosis, deficiencies of various vitamins like B-complex, deficiencies of minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sulphur etc.