pellagra


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Related to pellagra: beriberi

pel·lag·ra

 (pə-lăg′rə, -lā′grə, -lä′-)
n.
A disease caused by a deficiency of niacin and protein in the diet and characterized by skin eruptions, digestive and nervous system disturbances, and eventual mental deterioration.

[Italian : pelle, skin (from Latin pellis; see pel- in Indo-European roots) + -agra, a seizure (from Latin, from Greek -agrā, from agrā, a seizing; see ag- in Indo-European roots).]

pel·lag′rous adj.

pellagra

(pəˈleɪɡrə; -ˈlæ-)
n
(Pathology) pathol a disease caused by a dietary deficiency of nicotinic acid, characterized by burning or itching often followed by scaling of the skin, inflammation of the mouth, diarrhoea, mental impairment, etc
[C19: via Italian from pelle skin + -agra, from Greek agra paroxysm]
pelˈlagrous adj

pel•la•gra

(pəˈlæg rə, -ˈleɪ grə, -ˈlɑ-)

n.
a disease caused by a deficiency of niacin in the diet, characterized by skin changes, severe nerve dysfunction, mental symptoms, and diarrhea.
[1805–15; < Italian < New Latin: skin disease = Latin pell(is) skin + Greek ágra seizure]
pel•la′grose, pel•la′grous, adj.

pel·lag·ra

(pə-lăg′rə, pə-lā′grə)
A disease caused by a lack of niacin in the diet. It causes skin and digestive disorders and mental deterioration.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pellagra - a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin)pellagra - a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders; may be caused by malnutrition or alcoholism or other nutritional impairments
avitaminosis, hypovitaminosis - any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins
Translations

pellagra

[pəˈlægrə] Npelagra f

pel·lag·ra

n. pelagra, enfermedad causada por deficiencia de niacina y caracterizada por dermatitis, trastornos gastrointestinales y finalmente mentales.

pellagra

n pelagra
References in periodicals archive ?
Anaemia among women and children, rickets, Pellagra, scurvy, beriberi, night blindness, goiter, tuberculosis, kwashiorkor (protein deficiency), depression, osteoporosis, deficiencies of various vitamins like B-complex, deficiencies of minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sulphur etc.
There is no index listing for beriberi, pellagra, rickets, or scurvy.
A lack of niacin in the diet will eventually result in pellagra, a deficiency disease characterized by dermatitis (skin rash), diarrhea, and dementia.
Diagnosis records include syphilis, poverty, pellagra (a nutritional disease endemic to the early 20th century South) and hysteria, which was related to"excessive emotions, anxiety and sexual forwardness in women," said Michelle Davenport, who researched some of the remains as a graduate student.
Table Types of Nutrient Deficiency Caused by Heavy Drinking and the Associated Signs and Symptoms Selected Nutrient Deficiency Signs/Symptoms Magnesium Insulin resistance, muscle cramps Selenium Myopathy, cardiomyopathy Vitamin B1/Thiamine Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, neurologic symptoms Vitamin B2/Riboflavin Glossitis, cheilitis, and lingual papillae atrophy Vitamin A/Retinol Abnormal dark adaptation, rough skin Vitamin C Scurvy with purpura and petechiae Vitamin D Altered bone metabolism, altered gut barrier/immune function Vitamin E Oxidative stress Niacin Skin photosensitivity, confusion, pellagra Folate, S-Adenosylmethionine Anemia, altered methylation, epigenetic effects
Outbreaks of both rare deficiency diseases (example pellagra, beriberi) and common micronutrient deficiencies (example vitamin A, iodine and iron) have been reported among IDPs [23].
For example, necrolytic migratory erythema with high level of glucagon, acrodermatitis enteropathica with low zinc level, pellagra with niacin deficiency, biotin and fatty acid deficiency syndromes with low level of biotin and essential fatty acid respectively.
The differential diagnosis includes such dermatological diseases as contact dermatitis, inertrigo, acrodermatitisenteropathica, pellagra, psoriasis, eczema, pemphigus and seborrheic dermatitis [9, 10].
In the present study some associated conditions like renal calculi, cervical rib, pellagra, verruca vulgaris were present in one patient each and pityriasis versicolor and caries of teeth were observed in two patients each.
similarities with pellagra (nicotinic acid deficiency) and
John Snow's ideas about water-borne disease; James Lind's nonrandomized trial of scurvy; Joseph Goldberger's studies of pellagra before we knew what vitamins were: these people weren't following the fashion of their times, they were struggling against the current of popular medical thought.
4 (1915) The world's first pellagra experiment, which proved that the chronic disease was caused by a niacin deficiency, was begun at a Rankin County branch of the Mississippi State Penitentiary by Dr Joseph Goldberger.