penetrate

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pen·e·trate

 (pĕn′ĭ-trāt′)
v. pen·e·trat·ed, pen·e·trat·ing, pen·e·trates
v.tr.
1. To enter, pass into, or force a way into: The needle penetrated the skin. Light penetrated the forest canopy. The soldiers penetrated enemy territory.
2.
a. To enter into and permeate: The sound of the piano penetrated each room of the house.
b. To affect deeply, as by being known or by arousing the emotions: "Literature should penetrate all the chambers of the human heart, even the dark ones" (Robert Cormier).
3.
a. To insert the penis, a finger, or an object into the vagina or anus of (someone).
b. To insert something into (the vagina or anus).
4. To enter (an organization, for example), usually surreptitiously, so as to gain influence or information; infiltrate.
5. To enter and gain a share of (a market): penetrated the home-computer market with an affordable new model.
6. To grasp the significance of; understand: penetrate the workings of the immune system.
7. To see through: keen eyes that penetrate the darkness.
v.intr.
1. To enter or pass into something: The drill penetrated into the wood.
2. To have an effect or influence, especially on the mind or emotions: The culture of celebrity has penetrated into everyone's awareness.
3. To gain insight: tried to penetrate into the nature of the mind.

[Latin penetrāre, penetrāt-, from penitus, deeply.]

pen′e·tra′tor n.

penetrate

(ˈpɛnɪˌtreɪt)
vb
1. to find or force a way into or through (something); pierce; enter
2. to diffuse through (a substance); permeate
3. (tr) to see through: their eyes could not penetrate the fog.
4. (Biology) (tr) (of a man) to insert the penis into the vagina of (a woman)
5. (tr) to grasp the meaning of (a principle, etc)
6. (intr) to be understood: his face lit up as the new idea penetrated.
[C16: from Latin penetrāre; related to penitus inner, and penus the interior of a house]
ˈpenetrable adj
ˌpenetraˈbility, ˈpenetrableness n
ˈpenetrably adv
ˈpenetrative adj
ˈpeneˌtrator n

pen•e•trate

(ˈpɛn ɪˌtreɪt)

v. -trat•ed, -trat•ing. v.t.
1. to pierce or pass into or through.
2. to enter the interior of.
3. to permeate.
4. to arrive at the meaning of; comprehend.
5. to obtain a share of (a market).
6. to affect (the mind or feelings) deeply.
7. to influence the affairs of (another country).
v.i.
8. to enter or pass through something, as by piercing.
9. to be diffused through something.
10. to see or reach by intense searching or study (often fol. by to or into).
11. to have a deep effect on someone.
[1520–30; < Latin penetrātus, past participle of penetrāre, v. derivative of penitus deep down, with -r- probably by analogy with intus inside, intrāre to enter; see -ate1]
pen′e•tra`tor, n.

penetrate


Past participle: penetrated
Gerund: penetrating

Imperative
penetrate
penetrate
Present
I penetrate
you penetrate
he/she/it penetrates
we penetrate
you penetrate
they penetrate
Preterite
I penetrated
you penetrated
he/she/it penetrated
we penetrated
you penetrated
they penetrated
Present Continuous
I am penetrating
you are penetrating
he/she/it is penetrating
we are penetrating
you are penetrating
they are penetrating
Present Perfect
I have penetrated
you have penetrated
he/she/it has penetrated
we have penetrated
you have penetrated
they have penetrated
Past Continuous
I was penetrating
you were penetrating
he/she/it was penetrating
we were penetrating
you were penetrating
they were penetrating
Past Perfect
I had penetrated
you had penetrated
he/she/it had penetrated
we had penetrated
you had penetrated
they had penetrated
Future
I will penetrate
you will penetrate
he/she/it will penetrate
we will penetrate
you will penetrate
they will penetrate
Future Perfect
I will have penetrated
you will have penetrated
he/she/it will have penetrated
we will have penetrated
you will have penetrated
they will have penetrated
Future Continuous
I will be penetrating
you will be penetrating
he/she/it will be penetrating
we will be penetrating
you will be penetrating
they will be penetrating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been penetrating
you have been penetrating
he/she/it has been penetrating
we have been penetrating
you have been penetrating
they have been penetrating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been penetrating
you will have been penetrating
he/she/it will have been penetrating
we will have been penetrating
you will have been penetrating
they will have been penetrating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been penetrating
you had been penetrating
he/she/it had been penetrating
we had been penetrating
you had been penetrating
they had been penetrating
Conditional
I would penetrate
you would penetrate
he/she/it would penetrate
we would penetrate
you would penetrate
they would penetrate
Past Conditional
I would have penetrated
you would have penetrated
he/she/it would have penetrated
we would have penetrated
you would have penetrated
they would have penetrated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.penetrate - pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; "The bullet penetrated her chest"
dig into, poke into, probe - examine physically with or as if with a probe; "probe an anthill"
cut - penetrate injuriously; "The glass from the shattered windshield cut into her forehead"
interpenetrate, permeate - penetrate mutually or be interlocked; "The territories of two married people interpenetrate a lot"
strike - pierce with force; "The bullet struck her thigh"; "The icy wind struck through our coats"
break - pierce or penetrate; "The blade broke her skin"
foray - briefly enter enemy territory
poke into - enter briefly; "We poked into the bar"
creep in, sneak in - enter surreptitiously; "He sneaked in under cover of darkness"; "In this essay, the author's personal feelings creep in"
imbue, permeate, pervade, interpenetrate, diffuse, riddle, penetrate - spread or diffuse through; "An atmosphere of distrust has permeated this administration"; "music penetrated the entire building"; "His campaign was riddled with accusations and personal attacks"
honeycomb - penetrate thoroughly and into every part; "the revolutionaries honeycombed the organization"
pierce - make a hole into; "The needle pierced her flesh"
pierce, thrust - penetrate or cut through with a sharp instrument
pierce - cut or make a way through; "the knife cut through the flesh"; "The path pierced the jungle"; "Light pierced through the forest"
tunnel - force a way through
filter, permeate, sink in, percolate - pass through; "Water permeates sand easily"
grain, ingrain - thoroughly work in; "His hands were grained with dirt"
immerse, plunge - thrust or throw into; "Immerse yourself in hot water"
storm, force - take by force; "Storm the fort"
ooze through - run slowly and gradually; "Blood oozed through the bandage"
come in, enter, get in, go in, go into, move into, get into - to come or go into; "the boat entered an area of shallow marshes"
2.penetrate - come to understand
understand - know and comprehend the nature or meaning of; "She did not understand her husband"; "I understand what she means"
3.penetrate - become clear or enter one's consciousness or emotionspenetrate - become clear or enter one's consciousness or emotions; "It dawned on him that she had betrayed him"; "she was penetrated with sorrow"
4.penetrate - enter a group or organization in order to spy on the members; "The student organization was infiltrated by a traitor"
join, fall in, get together - become part of; become a member of a group or organization; "He joined the Communist Party as a young man"
5.penetrate - make one's way deeper into or through; "The hikers did not manage to penetrate the dense forest"
advance, march on, move on, progress, pass on, go on - move forward, also in the metaphorical sense; "Time marches on"
6.penetrate - insert the penis into the vagina or anus of; "Did the molester penetrate the child?"
infix, insert, introduce, enter - put or introduce into something; "insert a picture into the text"
7.penetrate - spread or diffuse through; "An atmosphere of distrust has permeated this administration"; "music penetrated the entire building"; "His campaign was riddled with accusations and personal attacks"
penetrate, perforate - pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; "The bullet penetrated her chest"
spiritise, spiritize - imbue with a spirit

penetrate

verb
1. pierce, enter, go through, bore, probe, stab, prick, perforate, impale The needle penetrated the skin.
2. pervade, enter, permeate, filter through, suffuse, seep through, get in through, percolate through A cool breeze penetrated the mosquito netting.
3. infiltrate, enter, get in to, make inroads into, sneak in to (informal), work or worm your way into They had managed to penetrate Soviet defences.
4. grasp, understand, work out, figure out (informal), unravel, discern, comprehend, fathom, decipher, suss (out) (slang), get to the bottom of long answers that were often difficult to penetrate
5. be understood by, touch, affect, impress on, come across to, become clear to, get through to His words penetrated her fuddled brain.

penetrate

verb
1. To pass into or through by overcoming resistance:
2. To come or go into (a place):
Nautical: put in.
Idioms: gain entrance, set foot in.
Translations
يَخْرُق، يَخْتَرِق
proniknout
trænge igennem
komast/smjúga inn í
įžvalgiaiįžvelgtikiaurai pereitipralaužimasprasiskverbimas
iekļūt, iespiestiesizprast, iedziļināties
prebitipredreti
girmekyarıp geçmek

penetrate

[ˈpenɪtreɪt]
A. VT
1. (= go right through) [+ skin, armour] → penetrar (por), traspasar
2. (Mil) [+ defences] → infiltrar, penetrar; [+ territory] → penetrar en
3. (= enter, infiltrate) [+ organization] → infiltrarse en (Comm) [+ market] → introducirse en, entrar en
4. (= understand) [+ mystery] → penetrar; [+ sb's mind, thoughts] → penetrar en
5. (during sex) → penetrar
B. VI (= go right through) → atravesar; (= spread, permeate) [idea, ideology] → trascender, infiltrarse; (= get inside) → penetrar; (= be understood) → entrar, penetrar
to penetrate into [+ territory] → penetrar en
these ideas have penetrated into our everyday lifeestas ideas han trascendido a or se han infiltrado en nuestra vida cotidiana

penetrate

[ˈpɛnətreɪt] vt
[+ place] → pénétrer dans
[+ object] → pénétrer
X-rays can penetrate many objects → Les rayons X peuvent pénétrer de nombreux objets.
(= infiltrate) [+ group] → infiltrer

penetrate

vteindringen in (+acc); (= go right through) walls etcdurchdringen; (Mil) enemy linesdurchbrechen; (Med) veindurchstechen; (= infiltrate) partyinfiltrieren; marketeindringen in; is there anything that will penetrate that thick skull of yours?geht denn auch überhaupt nichts in deinen Schädel rein?; to penetrate somebody’s disguisehinter jds Maske (acc)schauen
vieindringen; (= go right through)durchdringen; it just didn’t penetrate (fig)das ist mir/ihm etc nicht klar geworden; has that penetrated?hast du/habt ihr das endlich kapiert?

penetrate

[ˈpɛnɪˌtreɪt]
1. vt (gen) (Mil) → penetrare in; (infiltrate) → infiltrarsi in; (understand, meaning, mystery) → penetrare; (truth) → afferrare
2. vi (go right through) → penetrare
the significance of what he was saying finally penetrated → il significato delle sue parole fu finalmente chiaro

penetrate

(ˈpenitreit) verb
to move, go or make a way into, past, or through (something). The bullet penetrated his shoulder; Their minds could not penetrate the mystery.
ˈpenetrating adjective
1. (of a voice, sound etc) loud and clear; easily heard. a penetrating voice.
2. (of a glance, stare etc) hard and searching, as if trying, or able, to see into a person's mind. a penetrating glance.
ˈpenetratingly adverb
ˌpeneˈtration noun

pen·e·trate

vt. penetrar, infiltrar, atravesar, entrar.

penetrate

vt penetrar
References in classic literature ?
When he has penetrated into hostile territory, but to no great distance, it is facile ground.
Penney--the head of the Egyptian medical service, who, in a small steamer, penetrated one degree beyond Gondokoro, and then came back to die of exhaustion at Karthoum--nor Miani, the Venetian, who, turning the cataracts below Gondokoro, reached the second parallel-- nor the Maltese trader, Andrea Debono, who pushed his journey up the Nile still farther--could work their way beyond the apparently impassable limit.
How far he attained the end desired may be seen in his work, which is penetrated by a sense of profound beauty, recalling the quiet twilight upon the mountain-side, which he so well describes.
Removing the fire-board from the front of the try-works, the bare masonry of that side is exposed, penetrated by the two iron mouths of the furnaces, directly underneath the pots.
After leaving the Whimsies, Guph continued on his journey and penetrated far into the Northwest.
There were three persons who asserted they had penetrated to the end of the forest, and that they had always heard the wonderful sounds of the bell, but it had seemed to them as if it had come from the town.
In the first one handy, provided it is safe," said the commissary, with an indifference which penetrated poor Bonacieux with horror.
Never yet has the food of the stranger, be he soldier or simple citizen, never has any one, indeed, penetrated into that district.
He could not explain; he could not tell her that he had penetrated her mood and understood.
It had no depths to which Quasimodo had not penetrated, no height which he had not scaled.
He wondered idly if it felt as bad as he felt, and was feebly amused at the thought of kinship that somehow penetrated his fancy.
Villa stepped into the water to her knees, looked up at the dark jungle roof high overhead through which only occasional shafts of sunlight penetrated, and shuddered.