penetrate

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pen·e·trate

 (pĕn′ĭ-trāt′)
v. pen·e·trat·ed, pen·e·trat·ing, pen·e·trates
v.tr.
1. To enter, pass into, or force a way into: The needle penetrated the skin. Light penetrated the forest canopy. The soldiers penetrated enemy territory.
2.
a. To enter into and permeate: The sound of the piano penetrated each room of the house.
b. To affect deeply, as by being known or by arousing the emotions: "Literature should penetrate all the chambers of the human heart, even the dark ones" (Robert Cormier).
3.
a. To insert the penis, a finger, or an object into the vagina or anus of (someone).
b. To insert something into (the vagina or anus).
4. To enter (an organization, for example), usually surreptitiously, so as to gain influence or information; infiltrate.
5. To enter and gain a share of (a market): penetrated the home-computer market with an affordable new model.
6. To grasp the significance of; understand: penetrate the workings of the immune system.
7. To see through: keen eyes that penetrate the darkness.
v.intr.
1. To enter or pass into something: The drill penetrated into the wood.
2. To have an effect or influence, especially on the mind or emotions: The culture of celebrity has penetrated into everyone's awareness.
3. To gain insight: tried to penetrate into the nature of the mind.

[Latin penetrāre, penetrāt-, from penitus, deeply.]

pen′e·tra′tor n.

penetrate

(ˈpɛnɪˌtreɪt)
vb
1. to find or force a way into or through (something); pierce; enter
2. to diffuse through (a substance); permeate
3. (tr) to see through: their eyes could not penetrate the fog.
4. (Biology) (tr) (of a man) to insert the penis into the vagina of (a woman)
5. (tr) to grasp the meaning of (a principle, etc)
6. (intr) to be understood: his face lit up as the new idea penetrated.
[C16: from Latin penetrāre; related to penitus inner, and penus the interior of a house]
ˈpenetrable adj
ˌpenetraˈbility, ˈpenetrableness n
ˈpenetrably adv
ˈpenetrative adj
ˈpeneˌtrator n

pen•e•trate

(ˈpɛn ɪˌtreɪt)

v. -trat•ed, -trat•ing. v.t.
1. to pierce or pass into or through.
2. to enter the interior of.
3. to permeate.
4. to arrive at the meaning of; comprehend.
5. to obtain a share of (a market).
6. to affect (the mind or feelings) deeply.
7. to influence the affairs of (another country).
v.i.
8. to enter or pass through something, as by piercing.
9. to be diffused through something.
10. to see or reach by intense searching or study (often fol. by to or into).
11. to have a deep effect on someone.
[1520–30; < Latin penetrātus, past participle of penetrāre, v. derivative of penitus deep down, with -r- probably by analogy with intus inside, intrāre to enter; see -ate1]
pen′e•tra`tor, n.

penetrate


Past participle: penetrated
Gerund: penetrating

Imperative
penetrate
penetrate
Present
I penetrate
you penetrate
he/she/it penetrates
we penetrate
you penetrate
they penetrate
Preterite
I penetrated
you penetrated
he/she/it penetrated
we penetrated
you penetrated
they penetrated
Present Continuous
I am penetrating
you are penetrating
he/she/it is penetrating
we are penetrating
you are penetrating
they are penetrating
Present Perfect
I have penetrated
you have penetrated
he/she/it has penetrated
we have penetrated
you have penetrated
they have penetrated
Past Continuous
I was penetrating
you were penetrating
he/she/it was penetrating
we were penetrating
you were penetrating
they were penetrating
Past Perfect
I had penetrated
you had penetrated
he/she/it had penetrated
we had penetrated
you had penetrated
they had penetrated
Future
I will penetrate
you will penetrate
he/she/it will penetrate
we will penetrate
you will penetrate
they will penetrate
Future Perfect
I will have penetrated
you will have penetrated
he/she/it will have penetrated
we will have penetrated
you will have penetrated
they will have penetrated
Future Continuous
I will be penetrating
you will be penetrating
he/she/it will be penetrating
we will be penetrating
you will be penetrating
they will be penetrating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been penetrating
you have been penetrating
he/she/it has been penetrating
we have been penetrating
you have been penetrating
they have been penetrating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been penetrating
you will have been penetrating
he/she/it will have been penetrating
we will have been penetrating
you will have been penetrating
they will have been penetrating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been penetrating
you had been penetrating
he/she/it had been penetrating
we had been penetrating
you had been penetrating
they had been penetrating
Conditional
I would penetrate
you would penetrate
he/she/it would penetrate
we would penetrate
you would penetrate
they would penetrate
Past Conditional
I would have penetrated
you would have penetrated
he/she/it would have penetrated
we would have penetrated
you would have penetrated
they would have penetrated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.penetrate - pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; "The bullet penetrated her chest"
dig into, poke into, probe - examine physically with or as if with a probe; "probe an anthill"
cut - penetrate injuriously; "The glass from the shattered windshield cut into her forehead"
interpenetrate, permeate - penetrate mutually or be interlocked; "The territories of two married people interpenetrate a lot"
strike - pierce with force; "The bullet struck her thigh"; "The icy wind struck through our coats"
break - pierce or penetrate; "The blade broke her skin"
foray - briefly enter enemy territory
poke into - enter briefly; "We poked into the bar"
creep in, sneak in - enter surreptitiously; "He sneaked in under cover of darkness"; "In this essay, the author's personal feelings creep in"
imbue, permeate, pervade, interpenetrate, diffuse, riddle, penetrate - spread or diffuse through; "An atmosphere of distrust has permeated this administration"; "music penetrated the entire building"; "His campaign was riddled with accusations and personal attacks"
honeycomb - penetrate thoroughly and into every part; "the revolutionaries honeycombed the organization"
pierce - make a hole into; "The needle pierced her flesh"
pierce, thrust - penetrate or cut through with a sharp instrument
pierce - cut or make a way through; "the knife cut through the flesh"; "The path pierced the jungle"; "Light pierced through the forest"
tunnel - force a way through
filter, permeate, sink in, percolate - pass through; "Water permeates sand easily"
grain, ingrain - thoroughly work in; "His hands were grained with dirt"
immerse, plunge - thrust or throw into; "Immerse yourself in hot water"
storm, force - take by force; "Storm the fort"
ooze through - run slowly and gradually; "Blood oozed through the bandage"
come in, enter, get in, go in, go into, move into, get into - to come or go into; "the boat entered an area of shallow marshes"
2.penetrate - come to understand
understand - know and comprehend the nature or meaning of; "She did not understand her husband"; "I understand what she means"
3.penetrate - become clear or enter one's consciousness or emotionspenetrate - become clear or enter one's consciousness or emotions; "It dawned on him that she had betrayed him"; "she was penetrated with sorrow"
4.penetrate - enter a group or organization in order to spy on the members; "The student organization was infiltrated by a traitor"
join, fall in, get together - become part of; become a member of a group or organization; "He joined the Communist Party as a young man"
5.penetrate - make one's way deeper into or through; "The hikers did not manage to penetrate the dense forest"
advance, march on, move on, progress, pass on, go on - move forward, also in the metaphorical sense; "Time marches on"
6.penetrate - insert the penis into the vagina or anus of; "Did the molester penetrate the child?"
infix, insert, introduce, enter - put or introduce into something; "insert a picture into the text"
7.penetrate - spread or diffuse through; "An atmosphere of distrust has permeated this administration"; "music penetrated the entire building"; "His campaign was riddled with accusations and personal attacks"
penetrate, perforate - pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; "The bullet penetrated her chest"
spiritise, spiritize - imbue with a spirit

penetrate

verb
1. pierce, enter, go through, bore, probe, stab, prick, perforate, impale The needle penetrated the skin.
2. pervade, enter, permeate, filter through, suffuse, seep through, get in through, percolate through A cool breeze penetrated the mosquito netting.
3. infiltrate, enter, get in to, make inroads into, sneak in to (informal), work or worm your way into They had managed to penetrate Soviet defences.
4. grasp, understand, work out, figure out (informal), unravel, discern, comprehend, fathom, decipher, suss (out) (slang), get to the bottom of long answers that were often difficult to penetrate
5. be understood by, touch, affect, impress on, come across to, become clear to, get through to His words penetrated her fuddled brain.

penetrate

verb
1. To pass into or through by overcoming resistance:
2. To come or go into (a place):
Nautical: put in.
Idioms: gain entrance, set foot in.
Translations
يَخْرُق، يَخْتَرِق
proniknout
trænge igennem
komast/smjúga inn í
įžvalgiaiįžvelgtikiaurai pereitipralaužimasprasiskverbimas
iekļūt, iespiestiesizprast, iedziļināties
prebitipredreti
girmekyarıp geçmek

penetrate

[ˈpenɪtreɪt]
A. VT
1. (= go right through) [+ skin, armour] → penetrar (por), traspasar
2. (Mil) [+ defences] → infiltrar, penetrar; [+ territory] → penetrar en
3. (= enter, infiltrate) [+ organization] → infiltrarse en (Comm) [+ market] → introducirse en, entrar en
4. (= understand) [+ mystery] → penetrar; [+ sb's mind, thoughts] → penetrar en
5. (during sex) → penetrar
B. VI (= go right through) → atravesar; (= spread, permeate) [idea, ideology] → trascender, infiltrarse; (= get inside) → penetrar; (= be understood) → entrar, penetrar
to penetrate into [+ territory] → penetrar en
these ideas have penetrated into our everyday lifeestas ideas han trascendido a or se han infiltrado en nuestra vida cotidiana

penetrate

[ˈpɛnətreɪt] vt
[+ place] → pénétrer dans
[+ object] → pénétrer
X-rays can penetrate many objects → Les rayons X peuvent pénétrer de nombreux objets.
(= infiltrate) [+ group] → infiltrer

penetrate

vteindringen in (+acc); (= go right through) walls etcdurchdringen; (Mil) enemy linesdurchbrechen; (Med) veindurchstechen; (= infiltrate) partyinfiltrieren; marketeindringen in; is there anything that will penetrate that thick skull of yours?geht denn auch überhaupt nichts in deinen Schädel rein?; to penetrate somebody’s disguisehinter jds Maske (acc)schauen
vieindringen; (= go right through)durchdringen; it just didn’t penetrate (fig)das ist mir/ihm etc nicht klar geworden; has that penetrated?hast du/habt ihr das endlich kapiert?

penetrate

[ˈpɛnɪˌtreɪt]
1. vt (gen) (Mil) → penetrare in; (infiltrate) → infiltrarsi in; (understand, meaning, mystery) → penetrare; (truth) → afferrare
2. vi (go right through) → penetrare
the significance of what he was saying finally penetrated → il significato delle sue parole fu finalmente chiaro

penetrate

(ˈpenitreit) verb
to move, go or make a way into, past, or through (something). The bullet penetrated his shoulder; Their minds could not penetrate the mystery.
ˈpenetrating adjective
1. (of a voice, sound etc) loud and clear; easily heard. a penetrating voice.
2. (of a glance, stare etc) hard and searching, as if trying, or able, to see into a person's mind. a penetrating glance.
ˈpenetratingly adverb
ˌpeneˈtration noun

pen·e·trate

vt. penetrar, infiltrar, atravesar, entrar.

penetrate

vt penetrar
References in classic literature ?
And bear in mind also that this monstrous disease affects not merely the idlers and their menials, its poison penetrates the whole social body.
And if you are not crushed by such a pressure, it is because the air penetrates the interior of your body with equal pressure.
He would be in despair if that should come to the ears of the king; and as the wound is very serious, seeing that after crossing the shoulder it penetrates into the chest, it is to be feared--"
In this direction, the sunshine penetrates the dismal mist.
Rising in a volcanic region, amid extinguished craters, and mountains awful with the traces of ancient fires, it makes its way through great plains of lava and sandy deserts, penetrates vast sierras or mountainous chains, broken into romantic and often frightful precipices, and crowned with eternal snows; and at other times, careers through green and smiling meadows, and wide landscapes of Italian grace and beauty.
You have to shout the question about three times before the sound of your voice penetrates his skull.
The azure of the sky penetrates the depths of the lake, and
He was [29] meant--we see it in the variety, the high level both of matter and style, the animation, the gravity, of one after another of these thoughts--on religion, on poetry, on politics in the highest sense; on their most abstract principles, and on the authors who have given them a personal colour; on the genius of those authors, as well as on their concrete works; on outlying isolated subjects, such as music, and special musical composers--he was meant, if people ever are meant for special lines of activity, for the best sort of criticism, the imaginative criticism; that criticism which is itself a kind of construction, or creation, as it penetrates, through the given literary or artistic product, into the mental and inner constitution of the producer, shaping his work.
Several distinguished doctors have remonstrated against the influence of this second nature, both savage and civilized, on the moral being vegetating in those dreadful pens called bureaus, where the sun seldom penetrates, where thoughts are tied down to occupations like that of horses who turn a crank and who, poor beasts, yawn distressingly and die quickly.
Moreover, the extreme force of a bullet, that penetrates a hard substance without tearing it, may convince the savage that it has no force at all.
In its subtlest operations, further, Imagination penetrates below the surface and comprehends and brings to light the deeper forces and facts--the real controlling instincts of characters, the real motives for actions, and the relations of material things to those of the spiritual world and of Man to Nature and God.