penicillin


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Related to penicillin: amoxicillin, penicillin allergy

pen·i·cil·lin

 (pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ĭn)
n.
1. An antibiotic drug obtained from molds especially of the genus Penicillium or produced synthetically, available in various preparations and usually used to treat infections caused by gram-positive bacteria.
2. Any of a group of broad-spectrum antibiotic drugs, synthetic or semisynthetic, that are derived from penicillin.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

penicillin

(ˌpɛnɪˈsɪlɪn)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a group of antibiotics with powerful bactericidal action, used to treat many types of infections, including pneumonia, gonorrhoea, and infections caused by streptococci and staphylococci: originally obtained from the fungus Penicillium, esp P. notatum. Formula: R-C9H11N2O4S where R is one of several side chains
[C20: from penicillium]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pen•i•cil•lin

(ˌpɛn əˈsɪl ɪn)

n.
any of several antibiotics produced naturally or semisynthetically from molds of the genus Penicillium, widely used to prevent and treat bacterial infection and other diseases.
[1929]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

pen·i·cil·lin

(pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ĭn)
Any of a group of antibiotics obtained from penicillium molds, used to treat or prevent infections caused by a wide variety of bacteria.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.penicillin - any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseasespenicillin - any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
amoxicillin, Amoxil, Augmentin, Larotid, Polymox, Trimox - an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
ampicillin, Polycillin, Principen, SK-Ampicillin - semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
Fulvicin, griseofulvin - a kind of penicillin (a fungicidal antibiotic with the trade name Fulvicin) produced by molds of the genus Penicillium
methicillin - antibiotic drug of the penicillin family used in the treatment of certain staphylococcal infections
penicillinase-resistant antibiotic - a form of penicillin that is not rendered inactive by penicillinase
penicillin F - the first form of penicillin that was isolated in Great Britain
benzylpenicillin, penicillin G - the penicillin that constitutes the principal component of many commercial antibiotics
penicillin O - a penicillin that is similar in antibiotic action to penicillin G but is obtained differently
penicillin V, phenoxymethyl penicillin - a crystalline penicillin similar in action to penicillin G but more resistant to the action of gastric acids
piperacillin, Pipracil - a synthetic type of penicillin antibiotic (trade name Pipracil) used for moderate to severe infections
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
بِنْسلينبِنْسِلِين
penicilinpenicilín
penicillin
penisilliini
penicilin
penicillin
pensillín
ペニシリン
페니실린
penicilinas
penicilīna-penicilīns
penicilínpenicilínový
penicillin
เพนนิซิลิน
thuốc penicillin

penicillin

[ˌpenɪˈsɪlɪn] Npenicilina f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

penicillin

[ˌpɛnɪˈsɪlɪn] npénicilline f penicillin tabletpenicillin tablet ncomprimé m de pénicilline
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

penicillin

nPenizillin nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

penicillin

[ˌpɛnɪˈsɪlɪn] npenicillina
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

penicillin

(peniˈsilin) noun
a kind of antibiotic medicine which kills many harmful bacteria. The doctor gave her penicillin; (also adjective) penicillin injections.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

penicillin

بِنْسِلِين penicilin penicillin Penizillin πενικιλίνη penicilina penisilliini pénicilline penicilin penicillina ペニシリン 페니실린 penicilline penicillin penicylina penicilina пенициллин penicillin เพนนิซิลิน penisilin thuốc penicillin 青霉素
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

pen·i·cil·lin

n. penicilina, antibiótico que se obtiene directa o indirectamente de un grupo de cultivos del hongo de la especie Penicillium.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

penicillin

n penicilina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The use of prokaryote inhibitors (such as antibiotics) to control bacterial growth in cultures of planktonic organisms began in the 1940s, when penicillin was used to obtain bacteria-free cultures of the protozoan Tritrichomonas foetus (Riedmuller, 1928) (Ithaca & Mahmoud, 1944), and their use increased after the discovery of streptomycin in 1943, tetracycline in 1945 and neomycin in 1949.
"I think the buzz in 2019 is that we should not overreact to a history of penicillin allergy," he said.
Caption: "I think the buzz in 2019 is that we should not overreact to a history of penicillin allergy," said Dr.
One of those scientists was Dorothy Hodgkin, who used X-ray crystallography, a method to determine the three-dimensional structures of molecules, to confirm the structure of penicillin.
A Well, it's been suggested that many rashes attributed to penicillin allergy might actually have been caused by a virus, but having said that there are different types of reaction to penicillin.
Among the earliest known clinical uses of penicillin was by Cecil George Paine, a pathologist at the Sheffield Royal Infirmary, who successfully used it in 1930 to treat gonococcal conjunctivitis in neonates.
It's surprisingly common for people to wrongly think they have a penicillin allergy -- and that misconception can be dangerous for their health.
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, examined the relationship between penicillin allergy and development of MRSA and C.
Blumenthal, M.D., from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and colleagues conducted a population-based matched cohort study to examine the correlation between penicillin allergy and development of MRSA and C.
[USA], June 28 ( ANI ): Penicillin allergies can increase the risk of drug resistant 'superbug' infections, according to a study.
Now, for the first time, experts at Newcastle University, whose study is published online today in Cell, have identified how lysozyme and penicillin could work in combination to cause recurrent infections.