penicillins


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Related to penicillins: Cephalosporins

penicillins

A group of antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections.
References in periodicals archive ?
Penicillins are prominent in medicine since they are one of the first types of antibiotic used to treat infections and diseases, and are still routinely used in modern medicine.
(2) One of the major disadvantages of IM injection of penicillins, such as benzathine penicillin G, is pain at the injection site.
Oral penicillins (such as amoxicillin) account for nearly 4.5 million of the total 6 million annual prescriptions for antibiotics given to treat childhood bacterial infections each year in the UK.
Several classes of antibiotics have been evaluated in clinical studies of the treatment of GABHS pharyngotonsillitis, including the penicillins, cephalosporins, macrolides, ketolides, and clindamycin.
Cross-Reactivity Between Penicillins and Cephalosporins Contrary to long-held belief, the risk of cross-reactivity between penicillins and cephalosporins is based on the similarities of their side-chain structures, not of the [beta]-lactam ring they all share.
Penicillins are the traditional antibiotics of choice for acute pharyngitis and for deep neck space infections, and indeed most of the nonallergic patients in our study (63.8%) received a penicillin.
Penicillins and cephalosporins both possess a beta-lactam ring for antimicrobial activity.
Reported penicillin allergy occurs in about 10% of community patients, but 90% of these patients can tolerate penicillins.
Penicillins, cephalosporins, and other [beta]-lactam antibiotics.
"Although L-forms are much more fragile than walled cells, because they are completely resistant to penicillins and related antibiotics, they may be contributing substantially to problems of persistence or recurrence of infection, which is a frequent clinical problem.
Key words: beta-Lactams; Hypersensitivity; Immunoglobulin E; Penicillins; Diagnosis; Skin Tests; Drug Hypersensitivity; False Negative Reactions; False Positive Reactions
And the following information changed their physicians' behavior: Prior to testing, vancomycin was the most commonly used antibiotic in the inpatients, but its use was reduced by more than half based upon the skin test results, with a commensurate increase in prescriptions for semi-synthetic penicillins.

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