penicillins


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Related to penicillins: Cephalosporins

penicillins

A group of antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although L-forms are much more fragile than walled cells, because they are completely resistant to penicillins and related antibiotics, they may be contributing substantially to problems of persistence or recurrence of infection, which is a frequent clinical problem.
And the following information changed their physicians' behavior: Prior to testing, vancomycin was the most commonly used antibiotic in the inpatients, but its use was reduced by more than half based upon the skin test results, with a commensurate increase in prescriptions for semi-synthetic penicillins.
Penicillins are bactericidal, which means that they actually kill the bacteria causing the infection.
Penicillins are prominent in medicine since they are one of the first types of antibiotic used to treat infections and diseases, and are still routinely used in modern medicine.
2) One of the major disadvantages of IM injection of penicillins, such as benzathine penicillin G, is pain at the injection site.
Oral penicillins (such as amoxicillin) account for nearly 4.
3) Cephalosporins and macrolides have demonstrated greater bacteriologic eradication and clinical resolution of infection compared with penicillins.
Cross-Reactivity Between Penicillins and Cephalosporins Contrary to long-held belief, the risk of cross-reactivity between penicillins and cephalosporins is based on the similarities of their side-chain structures, not of the [beta]-lactam ring they all share.
Hypersensitivity reactions to penicillins occur in approximately 5% of all patients, although the incidence may be as high as 10% with some agents in this drug class.
This would help promote the more appropriate use of antibiotics and avoid some of the development of antibiotic resistance driven by inappropriate avoidance of penicillins," he added in the statement.
For example, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains have recently appeared in community-acquired infections (8), and Streptococcus pneumoniae strains resistant to both penicillins and macrolides (the antibacterial agents used most frequently for pneumococcal infections) have become prevalent throughout the world.

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