penicillium


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Related to penicillium: Penicillium marneffei

pen·i·cil·li·um

 (pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ē-əm)
n. pl. pen·i·cil·li·ums or pen·i·cil·li·a (-sĭl′ē-ə)
Any of various characteristically bluish-green fungi of the genus Penicillium that grow as molds on decaying fruits and ripening cheese and are used in the production of antibiotics such as penicillin and in making cheese.

[New Latin Pēnicillium, genus name, from Latin pēnicillus, brush; see pencil.]

penicillium

(ˌpɛnɪˈsɪlɪəm)
n, pl -cilliums or -cillia (-ˈsɪlɪə)
(Plants) any ascomycetous saprotrophic fungus of the genus Penicillium, which commonly grow as a green or blue mould on stale food: some species are used in cheese-making and others as a source of penicillin
[C19: New Latin, from Latin pēnicillus tuft of hairs; named from the tufted appearance of the sporangia of this fungus]

pen•i•cil•li•um

(ˌpɛn əˈsɪl i əm)

n., pl. -cil•li•ums, -cil•li•a (-ˈsɪl i ə)
any fungus of the genus Penicillium, certain species of which are used in making cheese and as the source of penicillin.
[1925–30; < New Latin, = Latin pēnicill(us) brush (see pencil) + -ium -ium2]

pen·i·cil·li·um

(pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ē-əm)
Any of various green and blue-green fungi that grow as molds on citrus fruits, cheeses, and bread, including several species used to produce penicillin and certain other antibiotics.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.penicillium - genus of fungi commonly growing as green or blue molds on decaying foodPenicillium - genus of fungi commonly growing as green or blue molds on decaying food; used in making cheese and as a source of penicillin
fungus genus - includes lichen genera
family Moniliaceae, Moniliaceae - family of imperfect fungi having white or brightly colored hyphae and spores that are produced directly on the mycelium and not aggregated in fruiting bodies
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: Aluminum was bioextracted from black shale using Aspergillus niger and Penicillium notatum as acidophiles.
digitatum", he studied the variability amongst isolates of Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum collected from Western Australia.
Here are four of the genuses of mold we are evaluating: Aspergillus, Penicillium, Stachybotrys, and Fusarium.
The aim of the current work was to isolate the crude extract from Penicillium sp.
Fortunately, some microorganisms, like Penicillium oxalicum are able to degrade this lignocellulosic material using hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes naturally produced by the microorganisms themselves (Xian, Wang, Yin, & Feng, 2016).
A wide variety of fungal strains belonging to different genera of Aspergillus, Rhizopus, Penicillium, Fusarium and Candida were isolated and identified by using conventional methods.
After isolating the mold and identifying it as belonging to the Penicillium genus, Fleming obtained an extract from the mold, naming its active agent penicillin.
The Penicillium species belongs to one of the most common and economically significant group of marine micro-fungi family.
The REGALIA MAXX label was developed by FMC in Chile for three important exported crops: table and wine grapes -- powdery mildew (Erysiphe necator) and a complex of plant pathogens that cause and contribute to fruit rot (Botrytis cinerea, Cladosporium herbarium, Penicillium expansum, Rhizopus stolonifer); blueberries -- blossom blight (Botrytis cinerea); and walnuts -- walnut blight (Xanthomonas arboricola pv.
Similar results were found by other researchers where among the crude carbon sources screened for xylanase production using Penicillium sp.