penicillium


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Related to penicillium: Penicillium marneffei

pen·i·cil·li·um

 (pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ē-əm)
n. pl. pen·i·cil·li·ums or pen·i·cil·li·a (-sĭl′ē-ə)
Any of various characteristically bluish-green fungi of the genus Penicillium that grow as molds on decaying fruits and ripening cheese and are used in the production of antibiotics such as penicillin and in making cheese.

[New Latin Pēnicillium, genus name, from Latin pēnicillus, brush; see pencil.]

penicillium

(ˌpɛnɪˈsɪlɪəm)
n, pl -cilliums or -cillia (-ˈsɪlɪə)
(Plants) any ascomycetous saprotrophic fungus of the genus Penicillium, which commonly grow as a green or blue mould on stale food: some species are used in cheese-making and others as a source of penicillin
[C19: New Latin, from Latin pēnicillus tuft of hairs; named from the tufted appearance of the sporangia of this fungus]

pen•i•cil•li•um

(ˌpɛn əˈsɪl i əm)

n., pl. -cil•li•ums, -cil•li•a (-ˈsɪl i ə)
any fungus of the genus Penicillium, certain species of which are used in making cheese and as the source of penicillin.
[1925–30; < New Latin, = Latin pēnicill(us) brush (see pencil) + -ium -ium2]

pen·i·cil·li·um

(pĕn′ĭ-sĭl′ē-əm)
Any of various green and blue-green fungi that grow as molds on citrus fruits, cheeses, and bread, including several species used to produce penicillin and certain other antibiotics.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.penicillium - genus of fungi commonly growing as green or blue molds on decaying foodPenicillium - genus of fungi commonly growing as green or blue molds on decaying food; used in making cheese and as a source of penicillin
fungus genus - includes lichen genera
family Moniliaceae, Moniliaceae - family of imperfect fungi having white or brightly colored hyphae and spores that are produced directly on the mycelium and not aggregated in fruiting bodies
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Beginning in 1870, the antibacterial effects of Penicillium mold were observed by several scientists including Louis Pasteur and Joseph Lister.
Penicillium genus also have great potential for the biotechnological production of proteases and other enzymes.
Because the mold was identified as belonging to the genus Penicillium (Latin for "brush," referring to the chains of conidia that resemble a paintbrush or broom), Fleming named the antibacterial substance penicillin.
Eliminating green mold (Penicillium digitatum) and blue mold (Penicillium italicum) - Blue mold
The most important toxins are produced by Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, and Alternaria.
He pointed out that the project has several economic benefits, namely increasing the fertility of the soil and the use in the manufacture of bread (fermentation) and medicines, including penicillium and cheese production.
En estudios previos realizados en el Laboratorio Escuela de Enfermedades Infecciosas de la Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, se analizo la composicion fungica cultivable del aire espirado por equinos (Bustos et al., 2011) y la micota residente en nasofaringe (Mesplet et al., 2005; Guida et al., 2008) hallandose hongos de diversos generos: Aspergillus sp, Penicillium sp, Cladosporium sp, Alternaria sp y Mucor sp.
Objectives: To identify biological activities of secondary metabolites obtained from penicillium and aspergillus species.
The objective of present study was to evaluate amylase production potential of indigenous Penicillium sp.
The four isolated fungi from clay soil samples collected in area 1, with pH 6, belonged to the Ascomycota phylum and two strains were identified as belonging to the order Pleosporales, one of them identified as genera Bipolaris sp., and the species Penicillium funiculosum and Colletotrichum boninense.
Celem pracy bylo okreslenie wplywu fotokatalizatorow aktywowanych sztucznym swiatlem slonecznym (UV-VIS--ultraviolet--visible spectroscopy, ultrafiolet--promienio- wanie widzialne) na grzyby plesniowe Penicillium chrysogenum i Aspergillus niger.