penitentiary

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pen·i·ten·tia·ry

 (pĕn′ĭ-tĕn′shə-rē)
n. pl. pen·i·ten·tia·ries
1. A prison for those convicted of major crimes.
2. Roman Catholic Church
a. A tribunal of the Roman Curia having jurisdiction in matters relating to penance, dispensations, and papal absolutions.
b. A priest whose special function is the administration of the sacrament of penance in a particular church or diocese.
adj.
1. Of or for the purpose of penance; penitential.
2. Relating to or used for punishment or reform of criminals or wrongdoers.
3. Resulting in or punishable by imprisonment in a penitentiary: a penitentiary offense.

[Middle English penitenciarie, penance officer, episcopal prison, from Medieval Latin pēnitentiāria, feminine of pēnitentiārius, from Latin paenitentia, penitence, from paenitēns, penitent; see penitent.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

penitentiary

(ˌpɛnɪˈtɛnʃərɪ)
n, pl -ries
1. (Law) (in the US and Canada) a state or federal prison: in Canada, esp a federal prison for offenders convicted of serious crimes. Sometimes shortened to: pen
2. (Roman Catholic Church) RC Church
a. a cleric appointed to supervise the administration of the sacrament of penance in a particular area
b. a priest who has special faculties to absolve particularly grave sins
c. a cardinal who presides over a tribunal that decides all matters affecting the sacrament of penance
d. this tribunal itself
adj
3. another word for penitential1
4. (Law) US and Canadian (of an offence) punishable by imprisonment in a penitentiary
[C15 (meaning also: an officer dealing with penances): from Medieval Latin poenitēntiārius, from Latin paenitēns penitent]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pen•i•ten•tia•ry

(ˌpɛn ɪˈtɛn ʃə ri)

n., pl. -ries,
adj. n.
1. a place for imprisonment, reformatory discipline, or punishment, esp., in the U.S., a state or federal institution for serious offenders.
2. a tribunal in the Curia Romana, presided over by a cardinal having jurisdiction over certain matters, as penance, confession, or dispensation.
adj.
3. (of an offense) punishable by imprisonment in a penitentiary.
4. of, pertaining to, or intended for imprisonment, reformatory discipline, or punishment.
[1375–1425; late Middle English penitenciarie priest who administers penance, prison < Medieval Latin pēnitentiārius of penance. See penitence, -ary]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.penitentiary - a correctional institution for those convicted of major crimespenitentiary - a correctional institution for those convicted of major crimes
correctional institution - a penal institution maintained by the government
Adj.1.penitentiary - used for punishment or reform of criminals or wrongdoers; "penitentiary institutions"
punitive, punitory - inflicting punishment; "punitive justice"; "punitive damages"
2.penitentiary - showing or constituting penance; "penitential tears"; "wrote a penitential letter apologizing for her hasty words"
penitent, repentant - feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

penitentiary

noun
A place for the confinement of persons in lawful detention:
Informal: lockup, pen.
Chiefly Regional: calaboose.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
fengselkasjott

penitentiary

[ˌpenɪˈtenʃərɪ] N (esp US) (= prison) → penitenciaria f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

penitentiary

[ˌpɛnɪˈtɛnʃəri] n (US)prison f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

penitentiary

n (esp US: = prison) → Strafanstalt f, → Gefängnis nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

penitentiary

[ˌpɛnɪˈtɛnʃərɪ] n (esp Am) (prison) → penitenziario, carcere m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
Guevarra said Dela Rosa was mandated to crack down on the illegal drug trade in the country's penitentiaries, including the New Bilibid Prison (NBP) in Muntinlupa City.
country's penitentiaries are no longer overloaded for the first time in 20 years.
In the absence of any Protestant conceptions of Purgatory, Throness argues that penitentiaries were intended to enforce redemptive practices through labour as much as prayer and sorrowful reflection (p.
John Frankenheimer's fictionalized account of double murderer Robert Stroud's jailhouse transformation offers a long meditative look at the very sort of rehabilitation penitentiaries are supposed to effect, but hardly ever do.
As in nearly all other states, during the nineteenth century female prisoners in Illinois were incarcerated alongside men within the state's three male penitentiaries at Alton (1835-1858), Joliet (18591896), and Chester (1878-1889).
Isolating convicts became a trend as state penitentiaries soon began to "Marionize" Marion was the model for programs adopted in prisons at McAlester, Oklahoma, in 1985, at Pelican Bay, California, in 1989, at Soutport, New York, in 1991, and at Walpole, Massachusetts, in 1992.
Although penitentiaries appeared shortly after the establishment of the United States, Hirsch disputes the proposition that independence prompted original ideas and alternative ventures to control crime.
Armenian Human Rights Defender has once again raised the problem of poor conditions in Armenia's penitentiaries.
taught in Penitentiaries, which has its appropriate instruments, its technical terms, its successful mode of operation, all easily learned by apt scholars from good teachers.