With each case thoroughly vetted by penologists
and psychologists, the roster is published in newspapers for transparency.
Home to a city jail since 1935, (4) Rikers was established as a progressive alternative to the notorious and discredited Welfare Island penal colony by a "dream team" of progressive penologists
using much of the same language surrounding humanist penology we see around new jail construction today (J.
in both Europe and the United States were
agree that discrimination is a justifiable argument against capital punishment since it is well known that some states have tailored capital punishment to fit the black offender.
Sentencing Commissioner Rachel Barkow and Professor Mark Osier--have recently argued that the best solution is to create a formal clemency board along the lines of the Sentencing Commission, consisting of judges, former prosecutors, defense counsel, penologists
, religious authorities, and the like.
Both were beloved penologists
'who made prison life bearable.' The book is now out of print.
It discusses how Nazism helped institutionalize the correctional framework in Germany during the 20th century and how penologists
created three pathways by sorting convicts based on moralizing social hygiene; the changing East German approaches to rehabilitation; how the German Democratic Republic dealt with sex offenders; how the Federal Republic established a correctional rehabilitation program; and how West Germany attempted to transform sex offenders into patients.
The contradictions between theories of modernity and punishment practices noted above have focused penologists
' attention on the ways in which punishment is mediated by culture.
have suggested numerous alternatives and several of them have proven effective.
Epidemiologists will establish medical literature indicating how disease is transmitted in the prison context; penologists
will speak to the viability of providing clean needles in prison, drawing on comparative evidence from other jurisdictions.
In 1970, a group of expert civilian penologists
conducted a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the Army Confinement System (ACS), which consisted of three tiers:
It was Brigadier General Crowder who, after lengthy consultation with sociologists and penologists
, convinced the Army--and the Congress--to create the U.S.