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Related to pentarchy: Pentapolis


n. pl. pen·tar·chies
1. Government by five rulers.
2. A body of five joint rulers.
3. An association or federation of five governments, each ruled by a different leader.

[Greek pentarkhiā : penta-, penta- + -arkhiā, -archy.]

pen·tar′chi·cal (pĕn-tär′kĭ-kəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -chies
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) government by five rulers
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a ruling body of five
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a union or association of five kingdoms, provinces, etc, each under its own ruler
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a country ruled by a body of five
penˈtarchical adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈpɛn tɑr ki)

n., pl. -chies.
1. a government or governing body consisting of five persons.
2. a union of five states or kingdoms, each under its own ruler.
[1580–90; < Greek pentarchía. See pent-, -archy]
pen′tarch, n.
pen•tar′chi•cal, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


 government by a group of five persons, 1587.
Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
On Wednesday, May 8, 2019, the governor of Kano State, Abdullahi Ganduje, made history by assenting to a controversial bill that divided the Kano Emirate into five, or what I term pentarchy - a coinage derived from numerical prefix of penta (5) and monarchy.
Ferguson concludes that "unless one wishes to reap one revolutionary whirlwind after another," the alternative to a world run by networks, some of them villainous, is a "pentarchy of the great powers"--like the 19th century alliance among Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and Great Britain--in which the members "recognize their common interest in resisting the spread of jihadism, criminality, and cyber-vandalism." But where is the assurance that these Platonic guardians, these hierarchs, will act in society's best interest rather than their own?
The system of autocephaly has its roots in the early Church, in the form of the five ancient patriarchates--namely, of Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem--known as the Pentarchy, whose harmony comprised the supreme manifestation of Church unity that was expressed in the Councils.
This was what Ollila refers to in the book as "The Five", the pentarchy that called the shots at Nokia from the early 1990s through 2004.
Recognized as early as the Council of Nicaea, a "pentarchy" of patriarchates eventually was established: Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem.
Eastern Orthodox responses to Ut unum sint have not been well registered primarily because each pentarchy operates autonomously.
Orthodoxy's "mental geography" has a strict hierarchy, putting the ancient Pentarchy at its top, the Apostolic churches (such as Georgian and Cyprian) on the second level, and locating other churches largely according to the antiquity of their autocephalization.
Together with Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem they formed the Pentarchy, the ultimate authority of the Church as decided by councils bringing together the senior clergy of the five sees.
The pentarchy of the major sees, with Rome as "elder brother," when united in the Spirit, formed a college of ecclesiastical leadership.
An alternative to the Roman Catholic monarchical view of the Church (Monarchy) is the Eastern Orthodox concept referred to as the Pentarchy Model (Runciman, 1955, Ware, 1993).