(4) PST2 is a label used for a past tense which also expresses a range of meanings like perfectivity
For Wohlman, it seems, others are our good because they are in fact perfective of us, but we can love them for their own sake because their perfectivity
of us is not the formal reason for our love, but only a material condition; the formal reason for our love is their inherent goodness.
2004 "Telicity and perfectivity
: Two independent systems".
Her topics are aspect, aktionsart, and New Testament Greek; approaches to event typology; a corpus approach to Koine Greek event typology; telicity and perfectivity
in Koine Greek; and towards an interpretive understanding of aktionsart.
Whereas the first ya positions the event temporally, the second ya serves to emphasize the perfectivity
of the event (the fact that the event is viewed as completed by the speaker).
As has been shown (see, e.g., Ingham 1994: chapter 8; Caubet 1993, 2: 221-46; Eisele 1999: chapter 7), the active participle among Arabic dialects has a uniform function which can broadly be termed "perfectivity
" or "current relevance of the action/state of affairs represented in the predicate." It clearly commutes in the verbal system with the perfect and imperfect verbs.
They also occur in other Shina varieties (Radloff and Shakil 1998, 184; Schmidt 2001, 444), but in Kohistani and Gilgiti Shina, for instance, those are only found in the intransitive paradigm (Kohistani Shina: sa tarilo 'he swam', sa amuthi 'she forgot', (Schmidt and Kohistani 2008, 138, 142)), while the marker of perfectivity
in the transitive paradigm is a grammaticalization of 'go' (Schmidt and Kohistani 2008, 130-132; Bailey 1924, 27).
(38) Even if Maupas remained locked into the Latin grammarians' association of the perfect with perfectivity
, he was upbeat about French having more tenses than Latin (39) and so was on the lookout for the additional expressive possibilities they offered.
, Telicity and Estonian Verbs.--Nordic Journal of Linguistics 30, 229-255.
Although the concept of boundness also appears in the literature as a key feature of perfectivity
, it is widely understood that perfectivity
goes hand in hand with an understanding of completion within a temporal interval.
The morphological make-up of these participles consists of two types of suffix (-ed and -ing) attached to the verb stem to show perfectivity
and imperfectivity respectively.
First, the perfective forms belonging to what I will refer to as the T-forming class (forming perfective forms with -t or in some cases -d or -t) most certainly go back on a Sanskrit past (passive) participle -ta (Whitney 2002 : 952), representing an early development of a perfectivity
category, contrasting initially with an aspectually unmarked plain verb stem.