Specific topics include free fibula flap for midface reconstruction, lower eyelid reconstruction with palatal grafts, free flap for hemi-tongue reconstruction, skate flap for nipple reconstruction, hernia repair with open component separation, superior gluteal artery perforator
flap, the medial plantar flap, and pediatric facial reinaimation using a functional gracilis muscle transfer.
veins, that connect the deep and superficial venous networks, play an important role in the initiation and progression of varicose vein dilatation, as the presence of reflux in the perforator
veins leads to increased venous pressure in the superficial venous network, with secondary varicose dilation of superficial veins (9,10).
It can also be raised as a superficial circumflex iliac perforator
The reconstruction was performed with tendon-fasciocutaneous peroneal artery perforator
flap, in a propeller manner translation, with good function of the limb with minimum recovery time.
Though free flap remains the first choice for such defects followed by locoregional flaps like reverse sural artery flap, inferiorly based fasciocutaneous flaps and perforator
flaps. The cross-leg flap is a saviour in difficult situations, where microvascular expertise is not available or when the injury to the involved leg is of such magnitude that no local/ regional tissue is available for wound coverage.
The fate of calf perforator
veins after saphenous vein laser ablation.
Short LAD runs in the anterior interventricular groove, giving rise to septal perforator
and ends in the proximal anterior interventricular groove.
In order to get results faster, modified techniques such as increased temperature (e.g., gas-analysis EN 717-2) or using extraction with solvents (e.g., perforator
EN 120) have been used.
We describe a case that can be classified as a type I according to Vince and Miller  and area 5 according to Hastings II and Graham , with a history of double recurrence and a Darrach procedure  already performed, treated by synostosis resection and interposition with an adipofascial dorsoulnar artery (DUA) perforator
Retrograde filling of the distal RCA occurred via a septal perforator
from the left anterior descending artery (LAD) (Figure 1(b)).
[1-3] This article outlines our experience specifically with perforator
pedicled propeller flaps (as per the Tokyo consensus ) for traumatic defects of the leg.