performative

(redirected from performatives)

per·for·ma·tive

 (pər-fôr′mə-tĭv)
adj.
Relating to or being an utterance that performs an act or creates a state of affairs by the fact of its being uttered under appropriate or conventional circumstances, as a justice of the peace uttering I now pronounce you husband and wife at a wedding ceremony, thus creating a legal union, or as one uttering I promise, thus performing the act of promising.
n.
A performative utterance.

per·for′ma·tiv′i·ty (-tĭv′ĭ-tē) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

performative

(pəˈfɔːmətɪv) or

performatory

adj
1. (Linguistics)
a. denoting an utterance that constitutes some act, esp the act described by the verb. For example, I confess that I was there is itself a confession, and so is performative in the narrower sense, while I'd like you to meet … (effecting an introduction) is performative only in the looser sense. See also locutionary act, illocution, perlocution
b. (as noun): that sentence is a performative.
2. (Linguistics)
a. denoting a verb that may be used as the main verb in such an utterance
b. (as noun): "promise" is a performative.
perˈformatively adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

per•for•ma•tive

(pərˈfɔr mə tɪv)

adj.
1. (of an expression or statement) performing an act by the very fact of being uttered, as “I promise,” which performs the act of promising.
n.
2. a performative utterance.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
performativ
performatif

performative

[pəˈfɔːmətɪv] N performative (verb)(verbo m ) performativo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

performative

(Ling)
nperformativer Ausdruck
adjperformativ
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
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References in periodicals archive ?
(17) Austin excluded the analysis of performatives in literature because the actors (generally speaking) involved in the communication cannot be held responsible for their speech acts.
We are introduced to the performative-constative distinction, its downfall, and the final assimilation of constatives into performatives, and then into the general theory: locutionary, illocutionary and perlocutionary acts.
Austin, that is, the notion of speech acts or "performatives," utterances that actually perform or bring about what they say and that should be distinguishable from descriptive statements called "constatives." The reason is that if Tess is a series of acts in which Tess's life reveals itself to be, in the words of John R.
He reserves the first one for descriptives and the latter two for performatives. For of, Austin says: the act of saying something is a locutionary act.
Jezierski, Wojtek, Lars Hermanson, Hans Jacob Orning, and Thomas Smaberg, eds, Rituals, Performatives, and Political Order in Northern Europe, c.
Jacques Derrida also articulates the necessity of circumstances in 'Signature Event Context', in which he explains the citational legacy of performatives and their iterability.
A fruitful way to do so, I argue, is to consider the performatives of law in its production of the market as sovereign--as a name for the social itself--a project relevant to the study of both nineteenth-century colonial and contemporary forms of governing.
Out of the eight utterances four were pointed out as the most preferred, namely those belonging to the query preparatory category (chosen by seven respondents), to the want statement category (by two respondents) and to the hedged performatives and hints by one respondent.
Koether's intensive colors are, for instance, performatives in their own right.
Provisionally, then, I will define European witchcraft tragedy as a genre in which (1) the hero practices infernal magic through supernatural performatives, (2) the hero, bound to radical and inhuman evil through this magical utterance, is alienated from his or her society, and (3) the plot foregrounds various other speech acts in a broader emphasis on performative utterances, of which the magical charm of witchcraft is only one spectacular example.
For starters, Touching Feeling itself might be read as just such a string of negative performatives. Throughout this collection of essays, many of them pre viously published, Sedgwick repeatedly voices her refusal to put forward the kinds of world-shaking pronouncements that some readers, at least, may expect from her.
Unlike other scholars (such as Brigitte Nerlich and David Clarke) who have considered and then rejected the possibility that writers between 1785 and 1830 held concepts of performativity, Esterhammer claims that a theory of "language as action" did emerge at that time (4-7), in response, on the one hand, to the challenge of Kantian epistemology and, on the other hand, to debates over ideas of constitution, contract, and promise (all performatives) in the wake of the French Revolution--hence a theory which was at once phenomenological and sociopolitical (7).