perianth

(redirected from perianths)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to perianths: Sepals

per·i·anth

 (pĕr′ē-ănth′)
n.
The part of a flower outside the reproductive structures, usually consisting of the calyx and the corolla.

[French périanthe, from New Latin perianthum : Greek peri-, peri- + Greek anthos, flower.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

perianth

(ˈpɛrɪˌænθ)
n
(Botany) the outer part of a flower, consisting of the calyx and corolla
[C18: from French périanthe, from New Latin, from peri- + Greek anthos flower]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

per•i•anth

(ˈpɛr iˌænθ)

n.
the envelope of a flower, whether calyx or corolla or both.
[1700–10; earlier perianthium < New Latin. See peri-, antho-, -ium2]
per`i•an′thi•al, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

per·i·anth

(pĕr′ē-ănth′)
The outer envelope of a flower, consisting of the sepals or the petals or both.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.perianth - collective term for the outer parts of a flower consisting of the calyx and corolla and enclosing the stamens and pistilsperianth - collective term for the outer parts of a flower consisting of the calyx and corolla and enclosing the stamens and pistils
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
blossom, flower, bloom - reproductive organ of angiosperm plants especially one having showy or colorful parts
corolla - (botany) the whorl of petals of a flower that collectively form an inner floral envelope or layer of the perianth; "we cultivate the flower for its corolla"
calyx - (botany) the whorl of sepals of a flower collectively forming the outer floral envelope or layer of the perianth enclosing and supporting the developing bud; usually green
falls - the petals or sepals of a flower that bend downward (especially the outer perianth of an iris)
plant organ - a functional and structural unit of a plant or fungus
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
References in classic literature ?
The segments of the perianth also closed on the pistil, but more slowly than the stamens.
In addition to the Latin diagnosis, Janischevsky provided additional characters: Male flower produced shorter perianths and anthers than those in cultivated plants.
Where we live, the wild daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus grows in profusion, its chrome yellow trumpets surrounded by pale primrose perianths. Though it's only eight inches high, the impact it creates is dramatic.
Close morphological study revealed that both flower perianths, staminate (campanulate) and pistillate (urceollate), as well the inflorescences in headlike cymes, show affinity with Pisonia.
Flower buds (FB) 2 to 6 mm in length were collected from 7:00 AM through 6:00 PM, their perianths removed, and fixed in Carnoy I (3:1 ethanol/glacial acetic acid) for 24 h and stored in ethanol (70 % v/v) until observation.
Its common name perfectly describes the pretty flowers where the cup or corona is enlarged and the perianth reduced to skinny little 'petals'.
The flower of Cyperoideae is tetracyclic with two alternating whorls of three perianth members, one whorl of three stamens opposite the outer perianth parts, and a trimerous gynoecium (Vrijdaghs et al., 2005a, 2009).