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Related to pericarp: exocarp, endocarp, mesocarp


Botany The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.

per′i·car′pi·al, per′i·car′pic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Botany) the part of a fruit enclosing the seeds that develops from the wall of the ovary
2. (Biology) a layer of tissue around the reproductive bodies of some algae and fungi
[C18: via French from New Latin pericarpium]
ˌperiˈcarpial, ˌperiˈcarpic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈpɛr ɪˌkɑrp)

the walls of a ripened ovary or fruit, sometimes consisting of three layers, the epicarp, mesocarp, and endocarp.
[1750–60; < New Latin pericarpium < Greek perikárpion pod. See peri-, -carp]
per`i•car′pi•al, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovarypericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovary
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
seed - a mature fertilized plant ovule consisting of an embryo and its food source and having a protective coat or testa
epicarp, exocarp - outermost layer of the pericarp of fruits as the skin of a peach or grape
mesocarp - the middle layer of a pericarp
endocarp, pit, stone - the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"
capsule - a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses
bur, burr - seed vessel having hooks or prickles
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


nPerikarp nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
In many cypselae (or achenes) species, the pericarp restricts embryo growth by two main ways: mechanical restriction and/or chemical inhibition.
These variables were grouped into two categories: i) Flower traits: number of petals (mm, NP), length of petals (mm, LP), number of sepals (mm, NS), length of sepals (mm, LS), length of staminal column (mm, LSC) and length of the flower style (mm, LFS); and ii) Fruit size and shape traits: chroma (Chr), luminosity (LM), hue (FH), average fruit weight (g, WF), fruit diameter (mm, FD), fruit length (mm, FL), pericarp thickness (mm; PTk), locule number (LN) and fruit shape index (relationship diameter/length).
The seeds were dried for 60 days at room temperature before removing the pericarp, prior to further analysis.
The clusters were harvested using the pericarp's subjective color criteria, when the pericarp presented 50% of the fruits at the mature maturity stage, that is, totally yellow fruits with no whitish scores (Amaral et al., 2011).
Exocarp is the cutinized layer of epidermal cells forming the outer layer of the pericarp. It may bear stomata and/or tanniniferous cells (Von Teichman & Hardy, 1992).
Antioxidant properties of anthocyanins extracted from litchi (Litchi chinenesis Sonn.) fruit pericarp tissues in relation to their role in the pericarp browning.
On the other hand, the pericarp layer of monogerm beet fruits is much thicker than in the case of multigerm ones, which negatively influences seed germination, especially during moisture and temperature stress (Rochalska and Orzeszko-Rywka, 2008).
Outer skin, pericarp is smooth and is green in un-ripe mangoes but turns in ripe fruits into golden yellow, crimson red, yellow or orange-red depending upon the cultivar type.
Fruit injuries were 5 mm in diameter, concentrated in the pericarp (shell) and in the initial portion of the mesocarp (pulp), while no attacks on seeds were observed.
High-quality canned tomatoes and fruits such as pears, peaches, and apricots are usually peeled to remove the outer pericarp layer (i.e., the skin).
Meanwhile, characteristics such as leaf length (cm) (Figure 3), inflorescence length (cm) (Figure 5), number of flowers per spike/inflorescence (Figure 7), conversion rate from fresh to dried white pepper (Figure 14), pericarp thickness (mm) (Figure 15), and seed diameter (mm) (Figure 16) have five significant groups.