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Related to pericarp: exocarp, endocarp, mesocarp


Botany The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.

per′i·car′pi·al, per′i·car′pic adj.


1. (Botany) the part of a fruit enclosing the seeds that develops from the wall of the ovary
2. (Biology) a layer of tissue around the reproductive bodies of some algae and fungi
[C18: via French from New Latin pericarpium]
ˌperiˈcarpial, ˌperiˈcarpic adj


(ˈpɛr ɪˌkɑrp)

the walls of a ripened ovary or fruit, sometimes consisting of three layers, the epicarp, mesocarp, and endocarp.
[1750–60; < New Latin pericarpium < Greek perikárpion pod. See peri-, -carp]
per`i•car′pi•al, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovarypericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovary
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
seed - a mature fertilized plant ovule consisting of an embryo and its food source and having a protective coat or testa
epicarp, exocarp - outermost layer of the pericarp of fruits as the skin of a peach or grape
mesocarp - the middle layer of a pericarp
endocarp, pit, stone - the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"
capsule - a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses
bur, burr - seed vessel having hooks or prickles
References in periodicals archive ?
Bioassay and ultraperformance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry guided isolation of apoptosis-inducing benzophenones and xanthone from the pericarp of Garcinia yunnanensis Hu.
In contrast to our results, rind hardness, height of small ridges, height of longitudinal ribs, and pericarp thickness, which were significantly highest in resistant and lowest in susceptible genotypes, had a significant negative correlation with percentage fruit infestation and larval density per fruit (Gogi et al.
8 mm long), disarticulate more readily (facilitated by an attenuated base), are covered by a tightly adhering camouflagic mottled layer (homologous with the perianth), have relatively thick pericarp walls, are relatively long-lived, and do not all germinate more or less simultaneously (Vavilov, 1926; Small, 1975a).
and future scope of water users associations in the Punjab, Pakistan", "Postharvest pericarp browning and quality management of litchi
Adsorption of phenol from diluted aqueous solutions by activated carbons Obtained from bagasse, oil palm shell and pericarp of rubber fruit.
It usually includes the pericarp, seed coat and aleurone, as well as most of the germ (Kaufmann et al.
Microstructure analysis revealed that the peel's loosening could be related to a reorganization of extracellular cuticles, the thermal expansion of cell walls and the collapse of several pericarp layers.
ThriVexan is harvested from the whole fruit, including pericarp, fruit and seeds and is standardized to 10% mangosteen.
A sample of 12 fruits, with pericarp removed (Frontispiece E), that I collected from the feeding area of the grosbeak, measured 4.
Pomegranate pericarp extract enhances the antibacterial activity of ciprofloxacin against extended-spectrum [beta]-lactamase (ESBL) and metallo-[beta]-lactamase (MBL) producing Gram-negative bacilli.
The length of seeds (with the pericarp removed) from the two types of infructescences (central and lateral) was measured under a stereomicroscope using millimetre paper.