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Related to pericarps: endocarp, epicarp, exocarp


Botany The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.

per′i·car′pi·al, per′i·car′pic adj.


1. (Botany) the part of a fruit enclosing the seeds that develops from the wall of the ovary
2. (Biology) a layer of tissue around the reproductive bodies of some algae and fungi
[C18: via French from New Latin pericarpium]
ˌperiˈcarpial, ˌperiˈcarpic adj


(ˈpɛr ɪˌkɑrp)

the walls of a ripened ovary or fruit, sometimes consisting of three layers, the epicarp, mesocarp, and endocarp.
[1750–60; < New Latin pericarpium < Greek perikárpion pod. See peri-, -carp]
per`i•car′pi•al, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovarypericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovary
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
seed - a mature fertilized plant ovule consisting of an embryo and its food source and having a protective coat or testa
epicarp, exocarp - outermost layer of the pericarp of fruits as the skin of a peach or grape
mesocarp - the middle layer of a pericarp
endocarp, pit, stone - the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"
capsule - a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses
bur, burr - seed vessel having hooks or prickles
References in periodicals archive ?
Cytotoxic prenylated xanthones from the pericarps of Garcinia mangostana" Molecules, vol.
Differences in darkness of pericarps among domesticated strains of C.
These uneaten nuts, including pericarps, were not considered consumed foods during daily diet computations.
Seed dispersal by frugivorous animals constitutes a symbiotic process in which plant diaspores are dispersed usually in exchange for nutritional rewards in the form of fleshy pericarps (Van der Pijl, 1982; Coates-Estrada and Estrada, 1988).
These findings are inconformity with those of Singh (1987) who reported positive correlation with proteins, reducing sugars and non reducing sugars of okra fruit blocks, seeds and pericarps on post embryonic development of Earias spp.
The main source of these compounds are the seed cotyledons, but they are also present in trace amounts in the seed integuments, the barks, buds, leaves and the immature fruit pericarps of A.
The present study was designated to evaluate, by a bioguided assay, the leishmanicidal activity of extracts (hexane, ethyl-acetate and ethanolic) and molecules both obtained by means of extraction from pericarps of Garcinia brasiliensis fruits.
Unshellable, small-seeded, high-oil (oilseed) cultivars were developed between 1920 and 1955 by direct selection for increased seed oil concentration and indirect selection for small seeds and thin pericarps (hulls) in open-pollinated populations (Putt, 1940, 1997; Heiser, 1951, 1977; Pustovoit, 1964).
He suggests that popcorn breeders might look instead for varieties that produce the most-crystalline pericarps in response to heat.
Total protein content of the pericarps was estimated for two fruits in six clones of each parental species and eight clones of hybrids.
Tx802 ea are thin with 10 to 12 kernel rows and have white cobs an colorless pericarps (p-ww, p-ww).