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Related to pericarps: endocarp, epicarp, exocarp


Botany The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.

per′i·car′pi·al, per′i·car′pic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Botany) the part of a fruit enclosing the seeds that develops from the wall of the ovary
2. (Biology) a layer of tissue around the reproductive bodies of some algae and fungi
[C18: via French from New Latin pericarpium]
ˌperiˈcarpial, ˌperiˈcarpic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈpɛr ɪˌkɑrp)

the walls of a ripened ovary or fruit, sometimes consisting of three layers, the epicarp, mesocarp, and endocarp.
[1750–60; < New Latin pericarpium < Greek perikárpion pod. See peri-, -carp]
per`i•car′pi•al, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovarypericarp - the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovary
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
seed - a mature fertilized plant ovule consisting of an embryo and its food source and having a protective coat or testa
epicarp, exocarp - outermost layer of the pericarp of fruits as the skin of a peach or grape
mesocarp - the middle layer of a pericarp
endocarp, pit, stone - the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"
capsule - a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses
bur, burr - seed vessel having hooks or prickles
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


nPerikarp nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
Rocha (1996) suggests the peripheral cypsela pericarps are thicker than the central ones.
Wei, Flavonoids from the Pericarps of Litchi chinensis, J.
The extracts of Raphia hookeri pericarps (RHP), Tristemma hirtum leaves (THL), and Cucurbitapepo pericarps (CPP) were more active.
possess various glycosides in their pericarps. There are 30 saponins derived from the hederagenin triterpene oleanolic acid and 63 acyclic sesquiterpene oligoglycosides, as shown by liquid chromatography with UV-detection and MS (LC/UV/ESI-MS) and MS/MS fragmentation studies [4].
Tanaka et al., "Amides from huajiao, pericarps of Zanthoxylum bungeanum MAXIM," Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol.
The roots and shoots were divided on day 35, as stems and leaves and flowers divided on day 70, finally the last 4 parts as roots, stems and leaves, pericarps and seeds were done on day 105 of planting.
Chen et al., "Cytotoxic prenylated xanthones from the pericarps of Garcinia mangostana" Molecules, vol.
These uneaten nuts, including pericarps, were not considered consumed foods during daily diet computations.
The present study was designated to evaluate, by a bioguided assay, the leishmanicidal activity of extracts (hexane, ethyl-acetate and ethanolic) and molecules both obtained by means of extraction from pericarps of Garcinia brasiliensis fruits.
Unshellable, small-seeded, high-oil (oilseed) cultivars were developed between 1920 and 1955 by direct selection for increased seed oil concentration and indirect selection for small seeds and thin pericarps (hulls) in open-pollinated populations (Putt, 1940, 1997; Heiser, 1951, 1977; Pustovoit, 1964).