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n. pl. per·i·os·te·a (-tē-ə)
The dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones except at the joints and serving as an attachment for muscles and tendons.

[New Latin, from Late Latin periosteon, from Greek, from periosteos, around the bone : peri-, peri- + osteon, bone; see ost- in Indo-European roots.]

per′i·os′te·al (-tē-əl), per′i·os′te·ous (-tē-əs) adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
Conventional open reduction internal fixation results in additional insult to already bruised skin as well as periosteal stripping thus leading to further vascular compromise5.
Although different bone manifestations, including bone cysts in the phalanxes of the hands and feet, sclerotic lesions, and periosteal new bone formation (1), are reported for tuberous sclerosis, the shortening of the third metacarpal has not been mentioned.
There was mature periosteal reaction and a high intensity split cortex along the ulnar margin.
In terms of pathogenesis, juxta-articular demineralization, local bone destruction, and periosteal new bone formation occur because of reactive hyperemia at the beginning of the disease.
X-ray of the left foot demonstrated peripheral cortical erosions, periosteal thickening, sclerosis, and multiple lytic lesions involving the proximal phalanx of the great toe.
The lower portion of the muscle, together with its tendon, received vascular branches from the periosteal arteries of the fibula, branches from adjacent vessels and muscles (Figs.
There was no cortical erosion, periosteal reaction, or pathological fracture [Figure 1].
A postauricular incision and an anterior-based periosteal flap are commonly used by many surgeons for cochlear implantation [1, 2].
Periosteal osteosarcoma is a rare intermediate-grade malignancy, estimated to represent less than 2% of all osteosarcomas.
Garre's osteomyelitis is a localized periosteal thickening caused by mild irritation or infection [1, 4, 9, 11].