periosteum


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Related to periosteum: Haversian system

per·i·os·te·um

 (pĕr′ē-ŏs′tē-əm)
n. pl. per·i·os·te·a (-tē-ə)
The dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones except at the joints and serving as an attachment for muscles and tendons.

[New Latin, from Late Latin periosteon, from Greek, from periosteos, around the bone : peri-, peri- + osteon, bone; see ost- in Indo-European roots.]

per′i·os′te·al (-tē-əl), per′i·os′te·ous (-tē-əs) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

periosteum

(ˌpɛrɪˈɒstɪəm)
n, pl -tea (-tɪə)
(Anatomy) a thick fibrous two-layered membrane covering the surface of bones. Also called: periost
[C16: New Latin, from Greek periosteon, from peri- + osteon bone]
ˌperiˈosteal adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

per•i•os•te•um

(ˌpɛr iˈɒs ti əm)

n., pl. -te•a (-ti ə)
the dense, fibrous connective layer of tissue covering all bones except where ligaments attach and on the surfaces of joints.
[1590–1600; < New Latin; Late Latin periosteon, n. use of neuter of Greek periósteos around the bones. See peri-, osteo-]
per`i•os′te•al, per`i•os′te•ous, adj.
per`i•os′te•al•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.periosteum - a dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (except at their extremities) and serving as an attachment for tendons and muscles; contains nerves and blood vessels that nourish the enclosed bone
cambium - the inner layer of the periosteum
tissue layer, membrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

per·i·os·te·um

n. periosteo, membrana fibrosa gruesa que cubre la superficie de los huesos excepto la superficie articular.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
These messenger cells reside in the sheath of tissue, called the periosteum, which surrounds each rib.
He had near total loss of scalp in vertex area measuring 10 cm x 12 cm with loss of periosteum, fractured and raised parietal bone with dural tear and brain matter bulge [Figure 1].
The lesion was excised down to the periosteum while sparing the palatine bone, as the lesion was encapsulated and no bony involvement was seen and the specimen was sent to the histopathological investigation.
It can then be cut to the size of the wound and secured to the wound bed, periosteum, fascia, or cartilage with sutures or staples.
A plain radiograph of the tibias showed periosteal thickening, and power Doppler ultrasound signals over the periosteum of the radius, ulna, and tibia indicated periosteal inflammation (Figure 2 a-d).
The electrode lead wires are placed in the groove; then, electrode insertion is performed, and the cochleostomy is packed by periosteum. An absorbable (vicryl 2/0) suture is placed connecting the anterior-based flap, the inferior-based flap, and temporalis muscle (Figure 5).
Reports indicate the pathologic processes of CPT are linked to the periosteum, which forms the outer layer of bones and is crucial for regrowth following a fracture.
The distal radius metaphyseal end of the proximal fragment was seen protruding out through the wound and were devoid of any soft tissue or periosteum attachment.
When in the subcutaneous skin, by bisecting the mentalis muscle, the mandibular periosteum was reached via a blunt dissection up to the upper edge of the lower mandibula.
A split-thickness flap was carefully elevated, extending beyond the mucogingival junction, leaving the periosteum attached to the bone surface and untouched.
Periosteum is the name given to the specialized connective tissue whose function is to cover the outer surface of the bone tissue.