Molecular chaperones are now well established as cytoplasmic and periplasmic
chaperones (11, 12).
###including membrane proteins, periplasmic
proteins, and endotoxin, into the host cell.143
Jerez, "Cytoplasmic CopZ-like protein and periplasmic
rusticyanin and AcoP proteins as possible copper resistance determinants in Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ATCC 23270," Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol.
Because they belong to the group of gram-negative bacteria, these strains are more resistant to the action of antibiotics, because they have an additional external membrane and a periplasmic
space that contains enzymes that can degrade xenobiotics (ALBUQUERQUE et al., 2014), such as flavonoids and phenolic acids from propolis.
Outputs from each selection round were screened for antigen-specific binders by monoclonal phage and periplasmic
extract ELISAs against human or mouse ICOSL and unrelated protein controls at 1 [micro]g/ml in PBS coating concentration.
In this structure, the transmembrane domain assumes a periplasmic
open conformation (Figure 14(c)) .
This involves several other proteins along the way such as regulatory protein, polymerase (i.e., the expression of gene), and helper protein (i.e., assist in periplasmic
lipase folding) [24, 41, 89, 96].
Hultgren, "FimC is a periplasmic
PapDlike chaperone that directs assembly of type 1 pili in bacteria," Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Copper-resistant Pseudomonas syringae strains produced copper-inducible proteins CopA, CopB (periplasmic
proteins), and CopC (outer membrane protein) which bind copper ions and microbial colonies .
Chakrabarti, "The effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles on the structure of the periplasmic
domain of the Vibrio cholerae ToxR protein," FEBS Journal, vol.
Rosenzweig, "The CopC family: structural and bioinformatic insights into a diverse group of periplasmic
copper binding proteins," Biochemistry, vol.
OqxAB efflux pump belongs to the resistance nodulation division family and it is constructed by two main domains, namely, OqxA, a periplasmic
part, and OqxB, a transmembrane protein.