perished


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per·ish

 (pĕr′ĭsh)
v. per·ished, per·ish·ing, per·ish·es
v.intr.
1. To die or be destroyed, especially in a violent or untimely manner: "Must then a Christ perish in torment in every age to save those who have no imagination?" (George Bernard Shaw).
2. To pass from existence; disappear gradually: "Man will go down into the pit, and all his thoughts will perish" (A.J. Balfour).
3. Chiefly British To spoil or deteriorate.
v.tr.
To bring to destruction; destroy: "Many foul blights / Perish'd his hard won gains" (Thomas Hood).
Idiom:
perish the thought
Used to express the wish that one not even think about something.

[Middle English perishen, from Old French perir, periss-, to perish, from Latin perīre : per-, per- + īre, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

perished

(ˈpɛrɪʃt)
adj
informal (of a person, part of the body, etc) extremely cold
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Translations

perished

[ˈpɛrɪʃt] adj
[rubber, leather] → pourri(e)
[person] (= very cold) → transi(e)
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

perished

adj (inf, with cold) → durchgefroren
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

perished

[ˈpɛrɪʃt] adj (fam) (cold) → gelato/a, intirizzito/a
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
He was the figure that stood forth representative of the whole miserable mass of weaklings and inefficients who perished according to biological law on the ragged confines of life.
At length, with a terrific crash, the whole turret gave way, and she perished in the flames which had consumed her tyrant.
It has hitherto been supposed that the four men who were in the dingey perished, but this is incorrect.
Now, had Tashtego perished in that head, it had been a very precious perishing; smothered in the very whitest and daintiest of fragrant spermaceti; coffined, hearsed, and tombed in the secret inner chamber and sanctum sanctorum of the whale.
The old man instantly began cutting the traces with his sword, but Hector's fleet horses bore down upon him through the rout with their bold charioteer, even Hector himself, and the old man would have perished there and then had not Diomed been quick to mark, and with a loud cry called Ulysses to help him.
In this dress I will go to the Christmas parties, where all the young fellows will propose to me, but I will toss my head and refuse them every one." At this moment she tossed her head in unison with her thoughts, when down fell the milk pail to the ground, and all her imaginary schemes perished in a moment.
But he is too late: he finds lying side by side Antigone who had hanged herself and Haemon who also has perished by his own hand.
It is recorded that during that triennial agitation no less than twenty-three Circles perished in domestic discord.
Twenty-six OFWs were in the van, 13 of them perished in the accident.
Price -- More than 1,350 miners, some as young as 13 years old, perished in CARBON COUNTY coal mines in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
ANKARA (CyHAN)- A passenger bus en route to Mersin from Ankara hit a cattle herd on early Saturday, which injured five passengers and perished 13 animals.
ANGELA Merkel yesterday acknowledged Germany's "historical responsibility" for the millions who perished in the Second World War.