peristalsis


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Related to peristalsis: Reverse peristalsis

per·i·stal·sis

 (pĕr′ĭ-stôl′sĭs, -stăl′-)
n. pl. per·i·stal·ses (-sēz)
The wavelike muscular contractions of the digestive tract or other tubular structures by which contents are forced onward toward the opening.

[New Latin, from Greek peristaltikos, peristaltic, from peristellein, to wrap around : peri-, peri- + stellein, to place; see stel- in Indo-European roots.]

per′i·stal′tic (-stôl′tĭk, -stăl′-) adj.
per′i·stal′ti·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

peristalsis

(ˌpɛrɪˈstælsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
(Physiology) physiol the succession of waves of involuntary muscular contraction of various bodily tubes, esp of the alimentary tract, where it effects transport of food and waste products
[C19: from New Latin, from peri- + Greek stalsis compression, from stellein to press together]
ˌperiˈstaltic adj
ˌperiˈstaltically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

per•i•stal•sis

(ˌpɛr əˈstɔl sɪs, -ˈstæl-)

n., pl. -ses (-sēz).
progressive waves of involuntary muscle contractions and relaxations that move matter along certain tubelike structures of the body, as ingested food along the alimentary canal.
[1855–60; < New Latin < Greek peri- peri- + stálsis contraction =stal- (variant s. of stéllein to set, bring together, compress) + -sis -sis]
per`i•stal′tic, adj.
per`i•stal′ti•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

per·i·stal·sis

(pĕr′ĭ-stôl′sĭs)
The wave-like muscle contractions in the organs of the digestive tract that push food into the stomach and then to the intestines. Peristalsis starts in the esophagus and ends when digested food is eliminated as waste.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

peristalsis

the process of contraction and relaxation by which products are moved through the alimentary canal. Cf. diastalsis.peristaltic, adj.
See also: Bodily Functions
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

peristalsis

1. Rhythmic contractions in the walls of tubular organs that push the contents onward, e.g. food in the intestine.
2. Waves of muscular contraction that force substances through passageways, such as the alimentary canal.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.peristalsis - the process of wavelike muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along
bodily function, bodily process, body process, activity - an organic process that takes place in the body; "respiratory activity"
anastalsis - muscular action of the alimentary tract in a direction opposite to peristalsis
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

peristalsis

[ˌperɪˈstælsɪs] N (peristalses (pl)) [ˌperɪˈstælsiːz]peristalsis f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

peristalsis

nPeristaltik f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

peristalsis

[ˌpɛrɪˈstælsɪs] nperistalsi f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

per·i·stal·sis

n. peristalsis, contracciones ondulantes de estructuras tubulares tal como el canal alimenticio, cuyo movimiento fuerza el contenido almacenado hacia afuera en dirección descendiente.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

peristalsis

n peristaltismo, peristalsis f
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Functional defects include the abnormal tubal peristalsis, fimbrial ovum pick up defects and defects in the fallopian tubal fluids.
Practicing yoga helps to improve the function of the digestive system by increasing blood flow to the digestive tract and stimulating the intestinal action known as peristalsis which aids in digestion.
Later, I got a glimpse of the video of my procedure, appreciating the normal-looking mucosa, its vascularity, the distensible colonic segments with good peristalsis. What a clean colon!
Opioid action on mu receptors in the gastrointestinal tract can cause decreased peristalsis, inhibition of water and electrolyte secretions, constriction of the pyloric sphincter, and an increase in anal sphincter tone.
"Some chemotherapy drugs also can cause diarrhea because they slow down peristalsis, which is the wavelike motions of the intestine that move stool through the colon--however, other drugs can slow down peristalsis, resulting in constipation." You may gain some relief from these strategies:
Instead, it gets its power from the churning motion of the stomach during peristalsis. Because the movement of the stomach provides the device with its power, it only works when the arrival of food causes the stomach to move; this means that the device is only active at the precise time its signals will be effective.
Motegrity, a selective serotonin-4, or 5-HT4, receptor agonist, provides a different class of treatment for CIC that works by enhancing colonic peristalsis to increase bowel motility.
(3,4) Ectopic ova may occur due to failure of the infundibulum to receive the ovum, reverse peristalsis, or oviductal rupture.
Since inhibitory neural inputs are necessary for normal peristalsis, loss of these neurons can cause loss of peristalsis.
Movement is vital to the digestive system's peristalsis. This is the series of wave-like muscle contraction that make the food move through the stomach and intestines.
Often times, with loss of peristalsis secondary to stent placement, locating the ureter may be even more difficult.