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1. Any of various marine snails of the family Littorinidae, having thick, cone-shaped, whorled shells, especially Littorina littorea, an edible species of the North Atlantic Ocean.
2. The shell or the flesh of any of these snails.
[Early Modern English, perhaps from alteration (possibly influenced by pervinkle, periwinkle (plant)) of an unattested Middle English reflex of Old English winewincle : Old English wine-, of unknown meaning (perhaps from alteration of Latin pīna, a kind of bivalve mollusk, from Greek pīnē, of unknown origin) + Old English -wincel, shellfish (perhaps ultimately (in reference to the shape of snail shells) from Germanic *wenk-, to move sideways, also the source of Old English wincel, corner, and wincian, wink (originally, "to bend the eyelids"), and German wanken, to waver).]
1. Any of several shrubby, trailing, evergreen plants of the genus Vinca, especially V. minor, having glossy, dark green, opposite leaves and flowers with a blue, funnel-shaped corolla.
2. Any of several erect herbs of the genus Catharanthus, especially C. roseus, having flowers with a rose-pink or white salverform corolla and a closed throat.
3. A pale purplish blue.
[Middle English pervinkle, diminutive of pervinke, from Old English pervince, from Late Latin (vinca) pervinca, alteration (perhaps influenced by Latin pervincere, to conquer completely) of Latin vicapervica, perhaps originally a magical verbal formula (the use of the periwinkle in magical rituals being known later from medieval European traditions), perhaps akin to pervicus, stubborn (per-, intensive pref.; see per- + vincere, vic-, to conquer; see victor) or to vincīre, to bind together, hold fast, and vicia, vetch; see vetch.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Animals) any of various edible marine gastropods of the genus Littorina, esp L. littorea, having a spirally coiled shell. Often shortened to: winkle
[C16: of unknown origin]
1. (Plants) Also called (US): creeping myrtle or trailing myrtle any of several Eurasian apocynaceous evergreen plants of the genus Vinca, such as V. minor (lesser periwinkle) and V. major (greater periwinkle), having trailing stems and blue flowers
a. a light purplish-blue colour
b. (as adjective): a periwinkle coat.
[C14 pervenke, from Old English perwince, from Late Latin pervinca]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
per•i•win•kle1(ˈpɛr ɪˌwɪŋ kəl)
any of various small gastropod mollusks of the family Littorinidae, of intertidal waters.
[1520–30; perhaps reflecting (through assimilation to periwinkle2) Old English pīnewincle=pīne (< Latin pīna < Greek pîna, variant of pínna kind of mollusk) + wincle, c. dial. Dan vinkel snail shell]
per•i•win•kle2(ˈpɛr ɪˌwɪŋ kəl)
any plant of the genus Vinca, of the dogbane family, esp. V. minor, having glossy evergreen foliage and usu. blue-violet flowers.Also called myrtle.
[before 1000; earlier pervinkle, perwinkle, alter. (see -le) of Middle English perwinke, pervinke < Anglo-French pervenke (Old French pervenche) < Late Latin pervinca, Latin vi(n)capervi(n)ca; compare Old English peruince, Middle High German ber(e)winke < Late Latin]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||periwinkle - chiefly trailing poisonous plants with blue flowers|
myrtle, Vinca minor - widely cultivated as a groundcover for its dark green shiny leaves and usually blue-violet flowers
|2.||periwinkle - commonly cultivated Old World woody herb having large pinkish to red flowers|
Cape periwinkle, Catharanthus roseus, cayenne jasmine, Madagascar periwinkle, red periwinkle, rose periwinkle, Vinca rosea, old maid
Catharanthus, genus Catharanthus - small genus of erect annual or perennial herbs native to Madagascar; widely naturalized in the tropics; formerly included in genus Vinca
|3.||periwinkle - small edible marine snail; steamed in wine or baked|
seafood - edible fish (broadly including freshwater fish) or shellfish or roe etc
|4.||periwinkle - edible marine gastropod|
seasnail - any of several creeping marine gastropods with a spirally coiled shell: whelks; tritons; moon shells; neritids
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
حَلَزون أو قَوْقَع البَحر
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
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Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
a blue-flowered trailing plant. alikreukel حَلَزون أو قَوْقَع البَحر зимзелен pervinca brčál das Immergrün vintergrøn βίγκα (είδος ποώδους φυτού) flor de príncipe igihali پیچ تلگرافی talvio pervenche וִינקָה एक सदाबहार पौधा zimzelen meténg tanaman rambat berbunga biru hörpulauf pervinca にちにち草の類 (유럽 원산의 협죽도과(科) 식물) 빙카 žiemė kapmirte periwinkel maagdenpalmgravmyrt barwinek يوډل بوټى چه تل شين وى اوابى ګلان لرىس pervinca brebenoc барвинок zimozeleň zimzelen zelenika vintergröna พืชจำพวกพังพวยฝรั่ง Cezayir menekşesi (藍色花)長春花 барвінок ايک بيل دار پھول کا پودا cây dừa cạn 长春花
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