, How To do Things With Proverbs.
Austin's famed treatise, discussed by Rokem, on what we do and perform when we use words, focuses on ordinary language locutions and perlocutions
as though theater, if relevant at all, were a mere extension of ordinary life and its speech acts but not the model for those ordinary acts.
The former establishes dialogical relations "in saying something," while perlocutions achieve effects "by saying something" (Austin 121).
Threatening perlocutions structurally (rather than semantically) break with conventions so that they can be repeated (148, 149).
However, as performatives, illocutions and perlocutions are susceptible to failures or "infelicities.
Thus, against Butler, perlocutions are not unconnected with intentions, nor are illocutions inextricably bound to them.
e) Fourth-order entities: illocutions, and presumably also perlocutions
Because both illocutions and perlocutions
are rule-based forms of language, and as noted above, their success or failure is entirely dependent on mutual conventions, the use of performative language can be interpreted as an indicator of the rule-systems in which they operate.
Dummett could as well have invoked Austin's (1962) distinction between illocutions and perlocutions