permeate


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Related to permeate: wangle, chary

per·me·ate

 (pûr′mē-āt′)
v. per·me·at·ed, per·me·at·ing, per·me·ates
v.tr.
1. To pass through the openings or interstices of: liquid permeating a membrane.
2. To spread or flow throughout; pervade: "Our thinking is permeated by our historical myths" (Freeman J. Dyson). See Synonyms at imbue.
v.intr.
To spread through or penetrate something.

[Latin permeāre, permeāt-, to penetrate : per-, through; see per- + meāre, to pass; see mei- in Indo-European roots.]

per′me·ant (-ənt), per′me·a′tive (-ā′tĭv) adj.
per′me·a′tion n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

permeate

(ˈpɜːmɪˌeɪt)
vb
1. to penetrate or pervade (a substance, area, etc): a lovely smell permeated the room.
2. (Chemistry) to pass through or cause to pass through by osmosis or diffusion: to permeate a membrane.
[C17: from Latin permeāre, from per- through + meāre to pass]
ˌpermeˈation n
ˈpermeative adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

per•me•ate

(ˈpɜr miˌeɪt)

v. -at•ed, -at•ing. v.t.
1. to pass into or through every part of: sunshine permeating the room.
2. to penetrate through the pores, interstices, etc., of.
3. to be diffused through; pervade: Bias permeated the report.
v.i.
4. to become diffused; spread.
[1650–60; < Latin permeātus, past participle of permeāre to pass through = per- per- + meāre to go, extend, have a course]
per`me•a′tion, n.
per′me•a`tive, adj.
per′me•a`tor, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

permeate


Past participle: permeated
Gerund: permeating

Imperative
permeate
permeate
Present
I permeate
you permeate
he/she/it permeates
we permeate
you permeate
they permeate
Preterite
I permeated
you permeated
he/she/it permeated
we permeated
you permeated
they permeated
Present Continuous
I am permeating
you are permeating
he/she/it is permeating
we are permeating
you are permeating
they are permeating
Present Perfect
I have permeated
you have permeated
he/she/it has permeated
we have permeated
you have permeated
they have permeated
Past Continuous
I was permeating
you were permeating
he/she/it was permeating
we were permeating
you were permeating
they were permeating
Past Perfect
I had permeated
you had permeated
he/she/it had permeated
we had permeated
you had permeated
they had permeated
Future
I will permeate
you will permeate
he/she/it will permeate
we will permeate
you will permeate
they will permeate
Future Perfect
I will have permeated
you will have permeated
he/she/it will have permeated
we will have permeated
you will have permeated
they will have permeated
Future Continuous
I will be permeating
you will be permeating
he/she/it will be permeating
we will be permeating
you will be permeating
they will be permeating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been permeating
you have been permeating
he/she/it has been permeating
we have been permeating
you have been permeating
they have been permeating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been permeating
you will have been permeating
he/she/it will have been permeating
we will have been permeating
you will have been permeating
they will have been permeating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been permeating
you had been permeating
he/she/it had been permeating
we had been permeating
you had been permeating
they had been permeating
Conditional
I would permeate
you would permeate
he/she/it would permeate
we would permeate
you would permeate
they would permeate
Past Conditional
I would have permeated
you would have permeated
he/she/it would have permeated
we would have permeated
you would have permeated
they would have permeated
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.permeate - spread or diffuse through; "An atmosphere of distrust has permeated this administration"; "music penetrated the entire building"; "His campaign was riddled with accusations and personal attacks"
penetrate, perforate - pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; "The bullet penetrated her chest"
spiritise, spiritize - imbue with a spirit
2.permeate - pass through; "Water permeates sand easily"
penetrate, perforate - pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; "The bullet penetrated her chest"
infiltrate - pass into or through by filtering or permeating; "the substance infiltrated the material"
infiltrate - cause (a liquid) to enter by penetrating the interstices
3.permeate - penetrate mutually or be interlocked; "The territories of two married people interpenetrate a lot"
invade - penetrate or assault, in a harmful or injurious way; "The cancer had invaded her lungs"
penetrate, perforate - pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; "The bullet penetrated her chest"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

permeate

verb
1. infiltrate, fill, pass through, pervade, filter through, spread through, diffuse throughout Bias against women permeates every level of the judicial system.
2. pervade, saturate, charge, fill, pass through, penetrate, infiltrate, imbue, filter through, spread through, impregnate, seep through, percolate, soak through, diffuse throughout The water will eventually permeate through the surrounding concrete.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

permeate

verb
To cause to be filled, as with a particular mood or tone:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يَخْتَرِق، يَنْفُذ
pronikatprosakovat
gennemsyregennemtrænge
gagnsÿra, síast í gegnum
įsisunktiprasisunkti
iespiestiesiesūkties
prenikať
içine geçip yayılmak

permeate

[ˈpɜːmɪeɪt]
A. VT
1. [liquid] → penetrar, impregnar; [smell] → impregnar; [substance, chemical] → penetrar
to be permeated withestar impregnado de
2. (fig) [ideology, corruption] → estar presente en
this way of thinking permeates all areas of societyesta forma de pensar está presente en or impregna todos los niveles sociales
B. VI
1. to permeate through sth [liquid] → penetrar a través de algo, impregnar algo; [smell] → impregnar algo; [substance, chemical] → penetrar a través de algo
2. (fig) [ideology, corruption] → extenderse, propagarse (through por)
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

permeate

[ˈpɜːrmieɪt] vt
[damp, water] → s'infiltrer dans
[ideas] → s'infiltrer dans
The fear of bureaucracy permeates their thoughts → La peur de la bureaucratie s'infiltre dans leurs esprits.
permeate through
vt fus
[+ soil, rock] → s'infiltrer dans
[+ system, consciousness] → infiltrer
It takes a long time for such ideas to permeate through people's consciousness → De telles idées mettent longtemps à infiltrer les consciences.
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

permeate

vt (lit, fig)durchdringen
vidringen (→ into in +acc, → through durch)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

permeate

[ˈpɜːmɪˌeɪt]
1. vt (gen) → filtrare attraverso (Tech) → permeare; (subj, smell) → pervadere (fig) (ideas) → diffondersi in
permeated with → impregnato/a di
2. vifiltrare (fig) → diffondersi
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

permeate

(ˈpəːmieit) verb
(of a liquid, gas etc) to pass or spread into or through. The water had permeated (through/into) the soil.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
Life is ghost land, where appearances change, transfuse, permeate each the other and all the others, that are, that are not, that always flicker, fade, and pass, only to come again as new appearances, as other appearances.
Rather did it permeate him with a delicious sadness, and lift him away and out of the Ariel
Instead of that air of life, of comfort, and of happiness that permeates a flourishing and prosperous business establishment -- instead of merry faces at the windows, busy clerks hurrying to and fro in the long corridors -- instead of the court filled with bales of goods, re-echoing with the cries and the jokes of porters, one would have immediately perceived all aspect of sadness and gloom.
The book represents, to a certain extent, the conflict between the author's earlier and later methods of composition, but the gigantic conception of the 'White Whale,' as Hawthorne expressed it, permeates the whole work, and lifts it bodily into the highest domain of romance.
They found that permeability of the nanofiltration membrane would double if pressure increases from 3242 to 4559 kPa, and a linear relationship was established between flow rate of permeate and transmembrane pressure.
Machado, Haneda, Trevisan, and Fontes (2012) analyzed the influence of the microfiltration process on the antioxidant capacity of the obtained permeate of acai juice and observed that this parameter was reduced by 36 and 27% for acai juices with and without enzymatic pretreatment, respectively.
It is evident from the analysis that it is possible to maintain 2% CO2 in retentate and methane loss in permeate below 2% by optimizing the process conditions.
In crossflow filtration, an incoming feed stream passes across the surface of a crossflow membrane, and two exiting streams are generated: a permeate stream (which passes through the membrane) and a retentate stream (which is retained by the membrane.) In crossflow filtration the permeate stream is the target stream (i.e., the filtered wine), whereas in reverse osmosis, the streams are split, something is done to one stream and then the two are put back together, altered by the "treatment."
The disadvantages this technology presents, which currently limit its industrial use, are related to poor membrane stability in relation to organic solvents and low permeate fluxes.
Concentration polarization and membrane fouling decrease the permeate flux and recovery rate while increasing the operating cost and shortening the membrane life [1-3].
For the lactose product group, high growth is apparent for permeate, but also for standard lactose, pharmaceutical lactose and galactooligosaccharides.