the adductor muscle of the big toe and short flexor muscles, rebuilding plantar muscle strength forming the arch of the foot and strengthening the peroneus
longus muscle, which weakens in people who wear high heels.
These muscles are also commonly referred to, respectively, as peroneus
brevis and peroneus
Lesions detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed signal changes in heterogeneous character which they were hypointense on the T1-weighted sequences and hyperintense on T2-weighted sequences, also had intense contrast enhancement, where starting from the middle part of the tibial level in the area extending from proximal to distal medullary and muscles that are located adjacent to this area as tibialis anterior (TA), extensor hallucis longus (EHL), extensor digitorum longus (EDL), peroneus
longus (PL), and as more less tibialis posterior (TP), gastrocnemius (GC) in MRI (Figure 1).
longus and tibialis anterior muscle activity in the stance phase.
The dependent variables included time-to-stabilization (TTS) after a forward hop, peak and mean activity of the tibialis anterior (TA), peroneus
longus (PL), and lateral gastrocnemius (LG) muscles, and antero-posterior (AP) and inversion-eversion (IE) ankle joint laxity.
Ganglion der Nervenscheide des Nervus Peroneus
. Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie 1921; 48: 963-5.
These injuries included: tears of the supraspinatus (13.0% partial thickness tears and 4.3% full thickness tears), Achilles (13.0%), fibrocartilaginous tears involving the medial meniscus (8.7%), acetabular labrum (8.7%), glenoid labrum (8.7%), lumbar disc with extrusion (8.7%), and peroneus
brevis tendons (4.3%).
A lot of surgical methods have been developed with the deep understanding of Achilles tendon rupture, such as V-Y shortening, reinforce by sural tendon flap, plantar tendon, peroneus
brevis tendon, flexor digitorum longus tendon, fascia strip or combined tendon flap of gastrocnemius muscle.
It leaves the fossa passing behind the head of the fibula, winds laterally around the neck of the bone, and passes deep to peroneus
longus, dividing into its two terminal branches: superficial peroneal and deep peroneal nerves.
A previous study on the neurophysiological responses of muscle activity between dominant and non - dominant leg (29), showed inter- limb differences existing in the electrical activity of the peroneus
longus during stability tasks.
However, the scores were significantly higher among electrically stimulated subjects compared with the control group (p = 0.04), and subjects belonging to the electrical stimulation groups received daily sessions of simultaneous electrical stimulation in the vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and peroneus
longus from the second day after their admission into the ICU until their discharge.
The two-channel group had the tibialis anterior and the peroneus
longus and brevis stimulated to facilitate ankle dorsiflexion and eversion in sequence.