# perpendicular

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Related to perpendicular: perpendicular slope

## per·pen·dic·u·lar

(pûr′pən-dĭk′yə-lər)*adj.*

**1.**

*Mathematics*Intersecting at or forming right angles.

**2.**Being at right angles to the horizontal; vertical. See Synonyms at vertical.

**3.**often

**Perpendicular**Of or relating to a style of English Gothic architecture of the 1300s and 1400s, characterized by the use of fan vaulting and broad windows with many mullions.

*adv.*

In a perpendicular position.

*n.*

**1.**

*Mathematics*A line or plane perpendicular to a given line or plane.

**2.**A perpendicular position.

**3.**A device, such as a plumb line, that is used in marking the vertical from a given point.

**4.**A vertical or nearly vertical line or plane.

[Middle English perpendiculer, from Old French, from Latin perpendiculāris, from perpendiculum,

*plumb line*, from perpendere,*to weigh carefully*: per-,*per-*+ pendere,*to weigh*; see (s)pen- in Indo-European roots.]**per′pen·dic′u·lar′i·ty**(-lăr′ĭ-tē)

*n.*

**per′pen·dic′u·lar·ly**

*adv.*

## perpendicular

(ˌpɜːpənˈdɪkjʊlə)*adj*

**1.**(Mathematics) Also:

**normal**at right angles to a horizontal plane

**2.**(Architecture) denoting, relating to, or having the style of Gothic architecture used in England during the 14th and 15th centuries, characterized by tracery having vertical lines, a four-centred arch, and fan vaulting

**3.**upright; vertical

*n*

**4.**(Mathematics)

*geometry*a line or plane perpendicular to another

**5.**(Tools) any instrument used for indicating the vertical line through a given point

**6.**(Mountaineering)

*mountaineering*a nearly vertical face

[C14: from Latin

*perpendiculāris,*from*perpendiculum*a plumb line, from*per-*through +*pendēre*to hang]**perpendicularity**

*n*

**ˌperpenˈdicularly**

*adv*

## per•pen•dic•u•lar

(ˌpɜr pənˈdɪk yə lər)*adj.*

**1.**vertical; straight up and down; upright.

**2.**meeting a given line or surface at right angles.

**3.**maintaining a standing or upright position; standing up.

**4.**having a sharp pitch or slope; steep.

**5.**(

*cap.*) of or pertaining to the last phase of English Gothic architecture, prevailing from the late 14th to early 16th century, characterized by predominantly vertical tracery and the use of the fan vault.

*n.*

**6.**a perpendicular line, plane, or position.

**7.**an instrument for indicating the vertical line from any point.

[1350–1400; Middle English

*perpendiculer(e)*< (Anglo-French, Old French) < Latin*perpendiculāris*vertical =*perpendicul(um)*plumb line (see perpend^{2},**-i**-, -cule^{2}) +*-āris*-ar^{1}]**per`pen•dic`u•lar′i•ty,**

*n.*

**per`pen•dic′u•lar•ly,**

*adv.*

## per·pen·dic·u·lar

(pûr′pən-dĭk′yə-lər)*Adjective*

Intersecting at or forming a right angle or right angles.

*Noun*

A line or plane that is perpendicular to a given line or plane.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms

**Legend:**Switch to new thesaurus

Noun | 1. | perpendicular - a straight line at right angles to another linestraight line - a line traced by a point traveling in a constant direction; a line of zero curvature; "the shortest distance between two points is a straight line" |

2. | perpendicular - a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaultingGothic architecture, Gothic - a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches Tudor architecture - a style of English-Gothic architecture popular during the Tudor period; characterized by half-timbered houses | |

3. | perpendicular - a cord from which a metal weight is suspended pointing directly to the earth's center of gravity; used to determine the vertical from a given pointcord - a line made of twisted fibers or threads; "the bundle was tied with a cord" lead line, sounding line - (nautical) plumb line for determining depth plumb rule - a plumb line attached to a narrow board | |

4. | perpendicular - an extremely steep faceface - a vertical surface of a building or cliff | |

Adj. | 1. | perpendicular - intersecting at or forming right angles; "the axes are perpendicular to each other"oblique - slanting or inclined in direction or course or position--neither parallel nor perpendicular nor right-angled; "the oblique rays of the winter sun"; "acute and obtuse angles are oblique angles"; "the axis of an oblique cone is not perpendicular to its base" parallel - being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting; "parallel lines never converge"; "concentric circles are parallel"; "dancers in two parallel rows" |

2. | perpendicular - at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line; "a vertical camera angle"; "the monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab"; "measure the perpendicular height"steep - having a sharp inclination; "the steep attic stairs"; "steep cliffs" straight - having no deviations; "straight lines"; "straight roads across the desert"; "straight teeth"; "straight shoulders" | |

3. | perpendicular - extremely steep; "the great perpendicular face of the cliff"steep - having a sharp inclination; "the steep attic stairs"; "steep cliffs" |

## perpendicular

*adjective*

## perpendicular

*adjective*

Translations

**عَمودي، مُتَعامِد**

**kolmý**

**srázný**

**svislý**

**lodret**

**merőleges**

**lóîréttur**

**statmenai**

**statmenas**

**perpendikulārs, vertikāls, statenisks**

**prostopadły**

**normal**

**vinkelrät**

## perpendicular

[ˌpɜːp*ə*nˈdɪkjʊləʳ]

**A.**

*ADJ*

**2.**(

*Archit*) perteneciente al estilo gótico de los siglos XIV y XV en Gran Bretaña

**B.**

*N*→ perpendicular

*f*

to be out of (the) perpendicular → salir de la perpendicular, no estar a plomo

## perpendicular

[ˌpɜː^{r}p

*ə*nˈdɪkjʊlə

^{r}]

## perpendicular

*adj*

→ senkrecht (

*to*zu); the wall is not quite**perpendicular**to the ceiling → die Mauer steht nicht ganz lotrecht zur Decke; a**perpendicular**cliff → eine senkrecht abfallende Klippe(Archit) → perpendikular

*n*→ Senkrechte

*f*; to drop a

**perpendicular**→ ein Lot fällen; to be out of

**perpendicular**→ nicht im Lot sein

## perpendicular

[ˌpɜːp__/ə__nˈdɪkjʊləʳ]

## perpendicular

(pəːpənˈdikjulə)*adjective*

standing, rising

*etc*straight upwards; vertical. a perpendicular cliff.**ˌperpenˈdicularly**

*adverb*

## perpendicular

*a.*perpendicular.

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