petit mal


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Related to petit mal: grand mal

petit mal

(ˈpɛtɪ ˈmæl; French pəti mal)
n
(Pathology) a mild form of epilepsy characterized by periods of impairment or loss of consciousness for up to 30 seconds. Compare grand mal
[C19: French: little illness]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ep•i•lep•sy

(ˈɛp əˌlɛp si)

n.
a disorder of the nervous system, characterized either by mild, episodic loss of attention or sleepiness (petit mal) or by severe convulsions with loss of consciousness (grand mal).
[1570–80; < Late Latin epilēpsia < Greek epilēpsía epileptic seizure, derivative of epilambánein to get hold of, attack]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.petit mal - epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (and possibly other abnormalities); "she has been suffering from petit mal since childhood"
epilepsy - a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
absence seizure, absence - the occurrence of an abrupt, transient loss or impairment of consciousness (which is not subsequently remembered), sometimes with light twitching, fluttering eyelids, etc.; common in petit mal epilepsy
2.petit mal - a seizure of short duration characterized by momentary unconsciousness and local muscle spasms or twitching; "the girl was frightened by her first petit mal"
epileptic seizure - convulsions accompanied by impaired consciousness
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

petit mal

n (Med) → Petit Mal nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

pe·tit mal

n. Fr. petit mal, ataque epiléptico benigno con pérdida del conocimiento pero sin convulsiones.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
PTZ seizure model: PTZ model in mice is primarily used to evaluate compounds which are effective in petit mal epilepsy was used.
Some dogs have petit mal seizures or psychomotor seizures with only part of the body involved.
Which widespread medical disorder includes grand mal and petit mal forms?
In minor epilepsy, or petit mal, the person may simply be 'absent' for a few moments but not lose consciousness or jerk.
The seizures may be either petit mal (absence) or grand mal (tonic-clonic).
Liwsi's condition, also known as Petit Mal, means she suffers eight to 15 seizures a day, which usually involve a brief and abrupt loss of memory and motor control, meaning the usual main symptom is staring blankly into space.
One type, generalized seizures, includes generalized tonic-clonic seizures (formerly called "grand mal" seizures), tonic seizures, atonic seizures, or absence seizures (formerly called "petit mal" seizures).
This is particularly the case of absence seizures, in which spike-wave complexes, pathognomonic expressions of absence seizures (petit mal epilepsy), are either produced spontaneously or induced in rodents and primates through the injection of penicillin, pentylenetetrazol, gamma-hydroxybutyrate and GABAergic agonists (SNEAD, 1994, 1998).
Tonic clonic seizures (also known as Grand Mal) cause convulsions and at the other end of the spectrum Petit Mal seizures or absences lead to someone becoming blank and unresponsive.
Elizabeth's IQ dropped 90 points: profound retardation as a result of countless petit mal and grand mal seizures.