Percentage and index of phagocytosis (Mean values [+ or -] SE) in different mice groups Groups Parameters Gp.1 Gp.2 Gp.3 Phagocytic
% 43.10 (C) 56.90 (A) 43.31 (C) [+ or -] 5.30 [+ or -] 4.11 [+ or -] 5.60 Phagocytic
index 0.71 (B) 0.95 (A) 0.70 (B) [+ or -] 0.22 [+ or -] 0.19 [+ or -] 0.14 Groups Parameters Gp.4 Gp.5 Gp.6 Phagocytic
% 36.20 (D) 50.20 (B) 43.90 (C) [+ or -] 3.82 [+ or -] 6.12 [+ or -] 4.72 Phagocytic
index 0.65 (C) 0.85 (A) 0.75 (B) [+ or -] 0.17 [+ or -] 0.12 [+ or -] 0.13 Note: Values are expressed as means [+ or -] SE; n = 15 for each treatment group.
Chicken neutrophils: oxidative metabolism in phagocytic
cells devoid of myeloperoxidase.
S7 and S10 infected neutrophils showed high phagocytic
indices compared to H37Rv in both the groups.
Consistent with recent pathological studies of newly forming MS lesions, in which widespread oligodendrocyte death was identified in the absence of immediate phagocytic
activity or lymphocytic infiltration, (18) these features suggest that a pre-phagocytic insult to the oligodendrocyte/myelin complex may underpin macrophage activity and the subsequent recruitment of a systemic immune response.
Although, the level of inflammation elicited by both; live and irradiation-killed mature conidia was the same (Figure1a), but the type of phagocytic
cells recruited to the airways, on day 1 post challenge, was significantly different between the groups.
The spleens had increased numbers of mononuclear phagocytic
system cells, some of which had vacuoles that contained similar organisms, as observed in the liver.
After 48h of culture, lysis of the epithelial intestinal cells, mononuclear phagocytic
eosinophils and phagocyted Aeromonas were observed.
Neutrophils are highly specialized phagocytic
cells involved in ingestion, death, and degradation of invading microorganisms (MacCall et al., 1971; Roos et al., 1983; Bainton, 1988).
activity of macrophages was increased by adding OA 77-84 and OA 126-134 peptides, which were derived by the peptic and chymotryptic digestions of ovalbumin, respectively.
The nonspecific immunological responses are composed of four basic types of barriers--anatomic, physiologic, phagocytic
and inflammatory defense mechanisms.
When a primary immune deficiency is suspected in a patient, it's often helpful to consider the patient's history and symptoms in terms of the four components of specific host resistance: antibody, complement, phagocytic
cells, and cell-mediated immunity.