phagocytosis


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phag·o·cy·to·sis

 (făg′ə-sī-tō′sĭs)
n.
The engulfing and destruction of particulate matter, such as a bacterium, by a cell.

phag′o·cy·tot′ic (-tŏt′ĭk) adj.

phagocytosis

(ˌfæɡəsaɪˈtəʊsɪs) or

phagocytism

n
(Physiology) the process by which a cell, such as a white blood cell, ingests microorganisms, other cells, and foreign particles

phag•o•cy•to•sis

(ˌfæg ə saɪˈtoʊ sɪs)

n.
the ingestion by a cell of a microorganism, cell particle, or other matter surrounded and engulfed by the cell. Compare endocytosis.
[1890–95]
phag`o•cy•tot′ic (-ˈtɒt ɪk) adj.

phagocytosis

the action of phagocytes in ingesting and destroying cells.
See also: Blood and Blood Vessels, Cells

phagocytosis

1. A process of a cell actively engulfing other cells or food particles.
2. A process by which certain cells engulf and destroy foreign particles or microorganisms such as bacteria.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phagocytosis - process in which phagocytes engulf and digest microorganisms and cellular debris; an important defense against infection
bodily function, bodily process, body process, activity - an organic process that takes place in the body; "respiratory activity"
Translations

phag·o·cy·to·sis

n. fagocitosis, proceso de ingestión y digestión realizado por fagocitos.
References in periodicals archive ?
Subsequent chapters address the identification of novel myeloid cell surface receptors, identifying novel ligands, phagocytosis, genetic manipulation, macrophage activation, lipid signaling, and the secretion of matrix metalloproteinases by macrophages.
Since wear debris produced by orthopedic devices cannot be phagocytosed in this way, the process of phagocytosis becomes interrupted.
Interpretation & conclusions: When the infected HeLa cells were incubated with adherent macrophages, efficient phagocytosis occurred and the release of virus into the culture medium was inhibited.
Hemophagocytic syndrome or hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a clinical condition characterized by infiltration of the bone marrow and reticuloendothelial system by macrophages and activated histiocytes, leading to uncontrolled phagocytosis of platelets, erythrocytes, lymphocytes and precursor cells.
The impairment of phagocytosis leads to severe infections, as can be seen in patients with primary and secondary immunodeficiencies (1-6).
The term emperipolesis is synonymous with lymphocytophagocytosis, which differs from phagocytosis in that the lymphocytes taken up by the cytoplasm are not attacked by enzymes and appear intact within the histiocytes.
The benefits of fever include the inhibition of replication of certain temperature-sensitive microbes, the stimulation of white blood cells to destroy microbes, the increase in metabolism of certain cells, the increase in phagocytosis, the reduction in iron available for replication of bacteria, and the enhancement of the effects of interferon.
Sigush-Klinger-Holtz-Suss "In vitro phagocytosis by crevicular phagocytes In many forms of periodontitis" J.
There are several possible explanations for this negative effect of antioxidants on mortality, one of which is that by eliminating (or reducing) free radicals we are interfering with some of the body's essential defence mechanisms such as apoptosis, phagocytosis and detoxification which depend on reactive oxygen species.
The pathophysiology of vascular damage in maternal decidual vasculopathy is unknown, but the 2 key findings in the involved vessels in this lesion are well described: (1) atherosis appears to be histiocytic phagocytosis of damaged endothelial cells of the spiral arteries, and (2) the dense pink fibrinoid necrosis may be some amalgam of the coagulation cascade proteins and intermediate filaments.
Outcomes were measured using polymorphnuclear cell migration, mononuclear cell percentages, degenerate leucocyte proportions and phagocytosis characteristics.
Many instances of phagocytosis were found in sponges fixed 2 h after feeding, but no beads or bacteria were found in sponges fixed 6 h after feeding.