Why do a transplant instead of a good phalloplasty
? What if rejection occurs?
A new study has found that risks of penile reconstruction surgery, also known as phalloplasty
, appear higher in female-to-male transgender (trans-male) patients, compared to the risks posed by native male (cis-male) patients undergoing surgery.
transformation He had a double mastectomy around a year after initially starting to take testosterone, followed by a stage one phalloplasty
, involving the creation of a penis from his stomach.
Sexual quality of life after hormonal and surgical treatment, including phalloplasty
, in men with micropenis; a review.
Patients should be advised that a portion of the vaginal epithelium is sometimes used for certain phalloplasty
procedures and that, if they are considering genital reconstruction in the future, it may be beneficial to preserve the vagina until that time.
They cover facial feminization surgery; speech modification; top surgery; combined hysterectomy, oophorectomy, and chest reconstruction; skin-flap and colon vaginoplasty; metoidioplasty; various techniques for phalloplasty
; testicular and erectile implants after phalloplasty
; the management of unfavorable urological sequelae and complications after phalloplasty
; the medical treatment of adolescent transgender patients; adult hormone therapy; mental health care; sexual health after surgery; and gender expression and image.
The two men had decided not to have a hysterectomy because neither considered it necessary to their sense of male identity, both were infertile while receiving testosterone therapy, both had suffered the effects of surgery in the past, and both believed that their internal organs might be beneficial for phalloplasty
surgery in the future.
(36) Until recently, (37) New York City's birth certificate policy required a candidate for gender reclassification to undergo either phalloplasty
or vaginoplasty (i.e., creation of a penis or vagina, respectively).
"Especially for certain procedures like phalloplasty
, those procedures have not been developed to a point where we can avoid a lot of complications."
For transmen, surgical options include chest reconstruction, hysterectomy/oophorectomy, metoidioplasty (using the clitoris to surgically approximate a penis), phalloplasty
, scrotoplasty, urethroplasty, and vaginectomy.