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 (fə-rĭn′jē-əl, -jəl, făr′ĭn-jē′əl) also pha·ryn·gal (fə-rĭng′gəl)
Of, relating to, located in, or coming from the pharynx.
A speech sound produced in the pharynx.

[From New Latin pharyngeus, from pharynx, pharyng-, pharynx; see pharynx.]


(ˌfærɪnˈdʒiːəl) or


1. (Anatomy) of, relating to, or situated in or near the pharynx
2. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics pronounced or supplemented in pronunciation with an articulation in or constriction of the pharynx
(Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics a pharyngeal speech sound
[C19: from New Latin pharyngeus; see pharynx]


(fəˈrɪn dʒi əl, -dʒəl, ˌfær ɪnˈdʒi əl)

also pha•ryn•gal

(fəˈrɪŋ gəl)

1. of, pertaining to, or situated near the pharynx.
2. (of a speech sound) articulated with retraction of the root of the tongue and constriction of the pharynx.
3. a pharyngeal speech sound.
[1820–30; < New Latin pharynge(us) (see pharyngo-, -eous) + -al1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pharyngeal - a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
consonant - a speech sound that is not a vowel
Adj.1.pharyngeal - of or relating to the throat; "pharyngeal fricatives"


, pharyngal
adjRachen-; pharyngeal cancerRachenkrebs m


adj faríngeo
References in periodicals archive ?
For this reason, it is difficult to produce a strong, true /u/or /o/in typical whispering, since they are defined by the pharyngeally sensed lower first resonance.
Pharyngeally excreted HPAIV (H5N1) likely originated from lung, air sac, or both, because these were the only tissues in the respiratory tract that had immunohistochemical evidence of virus replication (Figure 2, panels E and G; online Appendix Table 2) and because virus was frequently detected in these tissues by virus isolation (online Appendix Table 3) and RT-PCR (online Appendix Table 4).
This shift might cause the tone to feel and sound as if it is farther back, since H1 is approaching F1, which is a "hootier" resonance, perceived more pharyngeally.