It is common among plant- and ground-dwelling insects such as mantises, phasmids
, grasshoppers and bush crickets.
The story goes on to describe in greater detail how the phasmids
came to be endangered, and how they were discovered on Balls Pyramid.
The unusual shape of the body of Pogonogaster with a multilobed abdomen, the thin gnarled sides of the pronotum, and its greenish yellow color help it blend in with mosses and the epiphytes growing on the trees, as occurs with other genera of related mantids such as Pseudopogonogaster Beier, 1942; Carrikerella Hebard, 1921 and certain phasmids
belonging to the genera Mirophasma (Redtenbacher, 1906), Acanthoclonia (Stal, 1875) and Laciniobethra Conle, Henneman & Gutierrez, 2014 (AYALA & ONORE, 2001; SALAZAR & CARREJO, 2002; SALAZAR, 2006; GUTIERREZ & BACCA, 2014; GUTIERREZ-VALENCIA et al, 2014).
With few studies quantifying the variation between sexual versus asexual reproduction in phasmids
(Lamb & Willey 1979), if and how M.
Five pairs of caudal papillae (2 pedunculated, precloacal, lateral; 1 small subventral closely posterior to the cloacal opening; and 2 pedunculated lateral pairs on posterior half of the tail) were observed, and the 2 phasmids
Gene Human ortholog Neuronal expression rpy-1 Isoform 1 of 43 kDa DA, VD, AS, VB, DB receptor-associated protein of the synapse glr-7 Glutamate receptor, ionotropic, l3, l2, l6, Ml, NSM, l1 kainate 3, isoform CRA_a try-10 Chymotrypsin-like elastase Amphids and phasmids
family member 1 nhr-178 Isoform 2 of Nuclear receptor Amphids and phasmids
subfamily 2 group C member 1 acs-2 Long-chain fatty acid acyl-CoA Several neurons ligase uvt-6 Somatostatin receptor type 4 Head and tail neurons T04C9.
3% (n = 13) of the two species of phasmids
where taken after August when most individuals had reached maturity.
In conclusion, recognition of the selective pressures of autotommy on phasmids
may provide insight as to why they are the only order of insects that regularly shed and regenerate lost legs.
But the 3,000 or so species in an insect group called the phasmids
take camouflage to an extreme, says Sonja Wedmann of the Institute for Paleontology in Bonn, Germany.
Seow-Choen, Francis, Jongkar Grinang and Margarita Naming 2004 Phasmids
Speciation by hybridization in phasmids
and other insects.
Alimentary canal, digestion, microbiome, phasmids
, proventriculus, symbioses