phenol


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phe·nol

 (fē′nôl′, -nōl′, -nŏl′)
n.
1. A caustic, poisonous, white crystalline compound, C6H6O, derived from benzene and used in resins, plastics, and pharmaceuticals and in dilute form as a disinfectant. Also called carbolic acid.
2. Any of a class of aromatic organic compounds having at least one hydroxyl group attached directly to the benzene ring.

phenol

(ˈfiːnɒl)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) Also called: carbolic acid a white crystalline soluble poisonous acidic derivative of benzene, used as an antiseptic and disinfectant and in the manufacture of resins, nylon, dyes, explosives, and pharmaceuticals; hydroxybenzene. Formula: C6H5OH
2. (Elements & Compounds) chem any of a class of weakly acidic organic compounds whose molecules contain one or more hydroxyl groups bound directly to a carbon atom in an aromatic ring

phe•nol

(ˈfi nɔl, -nɒl)

n.
1. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous substance, C6H5OH, used chiefly as a disinfectant, as an antiseptic, and in organic synthesis.
2. any analogous hydroxyl derivative of benzene.
[1850–55]
phe•no•lic (fɪˈnoʊ lɪk, -ˈnɒl ɪk) adj.

phe·nol

(fē′nôl′, fē′nōl′)
A poisonous, white, crystalline compound used as a disinfectant and to make plastics and drugs. Also called carbolic acid.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phenol - any of a class of weakly acidic organic compoundsphenol - any of a class of weakly acidic organic compounds; molecule contains one or more hydroxyl groups
pyrogallic acid, pyrogallol - a toxic white lustrous crystalline phenol used to treat certain skin diseases and as a photographic developer
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
creosol - a colorless to yellow aromatic liquid that is a constituent of creosote
cresol, methyl phenol - any of three poisonous colorless isomeric phenols; derived from coal or wood tar; used as a disinfectant
naphthol - either of two phenols derived from naphthalene
resorcinol - a crystalline phenol obtained from various resins; used in ointments for acne and in dandruff shampoos
tannic acid, tannin - any of various complex phenolic substances of plant origin; used in tanning and in medicine
thyme camphor, thymic acid, thymol - a colorless crystalline solid used in perfume or preserving biological specimens or in embalming or medically as a fungicide or antiseptic
2.phenol - a toxic white soluble crystalline acidic derivative of benzene; used in manufacturing and as a disinfectant and antiseptic; poisonous if taken internally
acid - any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
dissolvent, dissolver, dissolving agent, resolvent, solvent - a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances; "the solvent does not change its state in forming a solution"
Translations
fenol
fenol

phenol

[ˈfiːnɒl] Nfenol m

phenol

nPhenol nt

phenol

[ˈfiːnɒl] nfenolo

phenol

n fenol m
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 21, 2019-: Global Styrenated Phenol (CAS 61788-44-1) Market to Exhibit a CAGR of 5.04% during the period 2019-2024: Radiant Insights, Inc
Tenders are invited for call for quotations for the supply of phenol bp 6percent w/v injections
This special low-molecular phenol novolak is synthesised in an extremely narrow molecular weight distribution.
AdvanSix informed its phenol customers that it is declaring force majeure as a result of shortages and delivery delays of its key raw material, cumene.
Phenol red is a common pH indicator that is present in most commercially available media.
Batch experiments were performed for determination of the equilibrium adsorption isotherm of phenol on the CTAB-modified adsorbent at 20 [degrees]C.
In the new position, Herman will be responsible for the sales and marketing of Phenol, Acetone, Alpha-Methylstyrene and Bisphenol-A produced at the company's Petrochemical Complex located in Haverhill, Ohio.
However, one of its starting chemicals, phenol, is derived from petroleum, which means it is nonrenewable and its price and availability strongly depend on fossil fuels.
Phenol is one of the most common pollutants that enter surface water with untreated or insufficiently treated domestic sewage and industrial effluents of oil refining, woodworking, by-product-coking, wood-pulp, paper, plastic, resin and textile industrial enterprises (Michalowicz, Duda 2007).
However, during winemaking, the bound smoke compounds are cleaved (hydrolyzed) from sugar molecules, thus allowing the smoky volatile phenol aromas and flavors to be released into wine (see "Uptake and Release of Smoke Taint in Grapevine").
Our interest in the UV absorption spectra of osubstituted phenols lies in the fact that the proximity of the substituent makes it possible to form intramolecular interactions with the phenol OH group, and it can also form intermolecular hydrogen bonds with the solvent as well as engage in bifurcate interactions.
Considering the above, the purpose of this work is to develop biocapsules made of cellulose acetate for the elimination of phenol. The relevance of the removal of this compound lies in the fact that exposure to phenol levels between 9 and 25 mg [L.sup.-1] causes health problems, due to their toxic, mutagenic, carcinogenic, and teratogenic effects [18].