phenylalanine


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Related to phenylalanine: Phenylalanine hydroxylase

phen·yl·al·a·nine

 (fĕn′əl-ăl′ə-nēn′, fē′nəl-)
n.
An essential amino acid, C9H11NO2, that occurs as a constituent of many proteins and is converted to tyrosine in the body.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

phenylalanine

(ˌfiːnaɪlˈæləˌniːn; ˌfɛnɪl-) or

phenylalanin

n
(Elements & Compounds) an aromatic essential amino acid; a component of proteins
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

phen•yl•al•a•nine

(ˌfɛn lˈæl əˌnin, -nɪn, ˌfin-)

n.
a crystalline, water-soluble, essential amino acid, C6H5CH2CH(NH2)COOH, necessary to the nutrition of humans and most animals, occurring in egg white and skim milk. Abbr.: Phe; Symbol: F
[1880–85]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

phen·yl·al·a·nine

(fĕn′əl-ăl′ə-nēn′)
An essential amino acid. See more at amino acid.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phenylalanine - an essential amino acid found in proteins and needed for growth of children and for protein metabolism in children and adults; abundant in milk and eggs; it is normally converted to tyrosine in the human body
essential amino acid - an amino acid that is required by animals but that they cannot synthesize; must be supplied in the diet
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
fenylalanin
Phenylalanin
phénylalanine
フェニルアラニン
fenyloalanina

phenylalanine

n fenilalanina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, the more bacteria they ingested, the more bits of phenylalanine wound up in their urine -- a sign the bacteria were doing their job.
However, concentrations of glutamine, asparagine, phenylalanine, and tyrosine were significantly high in infected individuals with dermatophytes (p<0.005).
The highly purified casein glycomacropeptide products contain very less levels of phenylalanine amino acid, which is a better protein source for phenylketonuria patient.
BioMarin Pharmaceutical announced that the European Commission, or EC, has granted marketing authorization for Palynziq at doses of up to 60 mg once daily, to reduce blood phenylalanine concentrations in patients with phenylketonuria, or PKU, aged 16 and older, who have inadequate blood Phe control despite prior management with available treatment options.
Keywords: Phenylalanine, Hyperphenylalaninemia, Classification, Phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency, Tetrahydrobiopterin defects.
The aromatic AA phenylalanine is an essential amino acid (EA A) that performs many functions in the body: It is the sole precursor of tyrosine, which in turn is the precursor of thyroxine, dopamines, and the adrenocortical hormones norepinephrine and adrenaline (Borlongan 1992, Ahmed 2009, Saavedra et al.
NITYR is indicated for the treatment of patients with hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 in combination with dietary restriction of tyrosine and phenylalanine.
Tyrosine or phenylalanine convert to dopamine and norepinephrine.
PKU is a rare condition in which the body is unable to metabolize phenylalanine, an amino acid found in almost every source of natural protein and a number of sweeteners.
The average intra-assay coefficient of variation was 4.3% for histidine, 4.6% for ornithine, and 4.6% for phenylalanine. A total coefficient of variation was 3.1% for histidine, 3.6% for ornithine, and 3.7% for phenylalanine.
The product has been developed to decrease blood phenylalanine concentrations in patients, with the approval being for those who have uncontrolled blood Phe concentrations greater than 600 micromol/L on existing treatment.

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