philosopher


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Related to philosopher: Philosopher Kings, philosophy, Socrates

phi·los·o·pher

 (fĭ-lŏs′ə-fər)
n.
1. A student of or specialist in philosophy.
2. A person who lives and thinks according to a particular philosophy.
3. A person who is calm and rational under any circumstances.

[Middle English philosophre, from alteration of Old French philosophe, from Latin philosophus, from Greek philosophos, lover of wisdom, philosopher : philo-, philo- + sophiā, knowledge, learning.]

philosopher

(fɪˈlɒsəfə)
n
1. (Philosophy) a student, teacher, or devotee of philosophy
2. a person of philosophical temperament, esp one who is patient, wise, and stoical
3. (Alchemy) (formerly) an alchemist or devotee of occult science
4. a person who establishes the ideology of a cult or movement: the philosopher of the revolution.

phi•los•o•pher

(fɪˈlɒs ə fər)

n.
1. a person who offers views or theories on profound questions in ethics, metaphysics, logic, and other related fields.
2. a person who is deeply versed in philosophy.
3. a person who establishes the central ideas of some movement, cult, etc.
4. a person who regulates his or her life by the light of philosophy or reason.
5. a person who is sensibly calm or rational, esp. under trying circumstances.
[1300–50; Middle English philosophre < Anglo-French; Middle French philosophe < Latin philosophus < Greek philósophos]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.philosopher - a specialist in philosophyphilosopher - a specialist in philosophy    
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
nativist - a philosopher who subscribes to nativism
Cynic - a member of a group of ancient Greek philosophers who advocated the doctrine that virtue is the only good and that the essence of virtue is self-control
eclectic, eclecticist - someone who selects according to the eclectic method
empiricist - a philosopher who subscribes to empiricism
epistemologist - a specialist in epistemology
aesthetician, esthetician - a philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty
ethician, ethicist - a philosopher who specializes in ethics
existential philosopher, existentialist, existentialist philosopher - a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
gymnosophist - member of a Hindu sect practicing gymnosophy (especially nudism)
libertarian - someone who believes the doctrine of free will
mechanist - a philosopher who subscribes to the doctrine of mechanism
moralist - a philosopher who specializes in morals and moral problems
naturalist - an advocate of the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms
necessitarian - someone who does not believe the doctrine of free will
nominalist - a philosopher who has adopted the doctrine of nominalism
pluralist - a philosopher who believes that no single explanation can account for all the phenomena of nature
pre-Socratic - any philosopher who lived before Socrates
realist - a philosopher who believes that universals are real and exist independently of anyone thinking of them
bookman, scholar, scholarly person, student - a learned person (especially in the humanities); someone who by long study has gained mastery in one or more disciplines
Scholastic - a Scholastic philosopher or theologian
Sophist - any of a group of Greek philosophers and teachers in the 5th century BC who speculated on a wide range of subjects
Stoic - a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno; "a Stoic achieves happiness by submission to destiny"
transcendentalist - advocate of transcendentalism
yogi - one who practices yoga and has achieved a high level of spiritual insight
Karl Popper, Popper, Sir Karl Raimund Popper - British philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
2.philosopher - a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"

philosopher

noun thinker, theorist, sage, wise man, logician, metaphysician, dialectician, seeker after truth the Greek philosopher Plato see philosophy
Quotations
"It is one of the chief skills of the philosopher not to occupy himself with questions which do not concern him" [Ludwig Wittgenstein Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus]
"There is no statement so absurd that no philosopher will make it" [Cicero De Divinatione]
"There was never yet philosopher"
"That could endure the toothache patiently" [William Shakespeare Much Ado About Nothing]
"The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point, however, is to change it" [Karl Marx Theses on Feuerbach]
"I have tried too in my time to be a philosopher; but, I don't know how, cheerfulness was always breaking in" [Oliver Edwards]
"what I understand by `philosopher': a terrible explosive in the presence of which everything is in danger" [Friedrich Nietzsche Ecce Homo]

philosopher

noun
A person who seeks reason and truth by thinking and meditation:
Translations
فَيلَسوف
filozof
filosof
filozófus
heimspekingur
filozof
filozof

philosopher

[fɪˈlɒsəfəʳ] Nfilósofo/a m/f
philosopher's stonepiedra f filosofal

philosopher

[fɪˈlɒsəfər] nphilosophe m

philosopher

nPhilosoph(in) m(f)

philosopher

[fɪˈlɒsəfəʳ] nfilosofo/a

philosophy

(fiˈlosəfi) plural phiˈlosophies noun
1. the search for knowledge and truth, especially about the nature of man and his behaviour and beliefs. moral philosophy.
2. a particular system of philosophical theories. I have a very simple philosophy (=attitude to life) – enjoy life!
phiˈlosopher noun
a person who studies philosophy, especially one who develops a particular set of theories. Rousseau was a famous philosopher.
ˌphiloˈsophical, ˌphiloˈsophic (-ˈso-) adjective
1. of philosophy. a philosophical discussion; philosophical works.
2. (of a person) calm, not easily upset or worried. He's had a lot of bad luck, but he's philosophical about it.
ˌphiloˈsophically adverb
phiˈlosophize, phiˈlosophise verb
to think about or discuss the nature of man, the purpose of life etc. He spends all his time philosophizing and never does any work.
References in classic literature ?
I have spoken of the philosopher in his capacity of restaurateur.
A PHILOSOPHER witnessed from the shore the shipwreck of a vessel, of which the crew and passengers were all drowned.
A PHILOSOPHER seeing a Fool beating his Donkey, said:
He would not have preferred the poet or man of action to the philosopher, or the virtue of custom to the virtue based upon ideas.
So this was the social philosopher and ex-horseshoer my father had discovered, was my thought.
Claude Frollo was no longer the simple scholar of the college of Torch, the tender protector of a little child, the young and dreamy philosopher who knew many things and was ignorant of many.
I look at those boys," the philosopher was accustomed to say, "with a perfectly impartial eye; I dismiss the unimportant accident of their birth from all consideration; and I find them below the average in every respect.
Monsieur," said Conrart, "you yourself are in the wrong persisting in decorating yourself with the name of an Epicurean; indeed, nothing here reminds me of the doctrine of the philosopher of Gargetta.
If I were a natural philosopher, I would tell him that if less of caloric were set in motion upon the planets which are nearest to the sun, and more, on the contrary, upon those which are farthest removed from it, this simple fact would alone suffice to equalize the heat, and to render the temperature of those worlds supportable by beings organized like ourselves.
But, on the other hand, the seeming discrepancies of the Republic may only arise out of the discordant elements which the philosopher has attempted to unite in a single whole, perhaps without being himself able to recognize the inconsistency which is obvious to us.
The character of Mr Square the philosopher, and of Mr Thwackum the divine; with a dispute concerning
He delighted in the robust common sense of Thomas Hobbes; Spinoza filled him with awe, he had never before come in contact with a mind so noble, so unapproachable and austere; it reminded him of that statue by Rodin, L'Age d'Airain, which he passionately admired; and then there was Hume: the scepticism of that charming philosopher touched a kindred note in Philip; and, revelling in the lucid style which seemed able to put complicated thought into simple words, musical and measured, he read as he might have read a novel, a smile of pleasure on his lips.