Its freedom has degenerated into license, its 'media' fills minds and souls with gossip and nonsense, its popular culture serves only to coarsen and degrade, its people exhibit an unthinking sympathy for socialism and its excessive rationalism and philosophical materialism
undermines its ability to recognize evil, and destroys the habit of spiritual reflection.
Reductionist and mechanistic views are heavily dependent on a philosophical materialism
, which is opposed to a deeper Christian, theistic view of reality.
In Leisola's words, "I am now convinced that Darwin's theory won out primarily because it fills a need: Scientism, with its allegiance to philosophical materialism
, needs mindless evolution to be true, so that proponents of scientism continue to prop up mindless evolution no matter how many contrary fossils slam against it."
He covers histories of monasticism, philosophies of religion: asceticism discourses in Russia and Europe 1721-1856; patristic revival, clerical education: asceticism discourse in the Russian Church 1814-65, ideologies of asceticism: philosophical materialism
and academic Orthodoxy 1855-64; Orthodox asceticism between Russia nation and Christian empire 1865-98; and asceticism discourse in revolution and war 1892-1914.
Indeed one has to recognise that philosophical materialism
is a minor tradition in Western culture, and that all the major philosophical figures of the culture--Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Descartes, Locke, Kant, Hegel, Heidegger and his own beloved Jaspers, were not only pro-state but essentially religious thinkers--that is, acknowledging the reality of some spiritual realm that Cudenec extols throughout this book.
I personally am very comfortable with philosophical materialism
. But please do understand that methodological materialism is not the same as philosophical materialism
My interest in philosophy was aroused by my passion for political struggle and the critical function of philosophical materialism
. My passion for politics was inspired by the revolutionary courage of working-class people, particularly Black people throughout the world, against the juggernaut of capitalism.
Whether it is Aron's oversight, or (worse) that the lessons did not go far enough for the Russians themselves, this failure is unfortunate because all three issues--the historical method, the Marxist system itself, and many criticisms about capitalism--are linked by the common foundational idea of philosophical materialism
. The disciplines downplay ideas for the same reason the USSR was founded in the first place.
This collection of essays presents novel interpretations of the work of French Marxist Louis Althusser, focusing on the potential and contradictions of his political vision and philosophical materialism
. The essays are organized into four sections.
And although it would seem that philosophical materialism
should go hand-in-hand with a commitment to immanence, in fact this is often not the case, as matter itself takes on a transcendent guise as the ultimate locus of meaning and value.
Their work is undermined, however, by arguments for a philosophical materialism
whose relevance to environmental issues is questionable.