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|Noun||1.||philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy|
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
aesthetic, esthetic - (philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful; "he despised the esthetic of minimalism"
Aristotelianism, peripateticism - (philosophy) the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science; "Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Western thought"
conceptualism - the doctrine that the application of a general term to various objects indicates the existence of a mental entity that mediates the application
Confucianism - the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity; high value given to learning and to devotion to family (including ancestors); peace; justice; influenced the traditional culture of China
deconstruction, deconstructionism - a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning
empiricism, empiricist philosophy, sensationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
environmentalism - the philosophical doctrine that environment is more important than heredity in determining intellectual growth
existential philosophy, existentialism, existentialist philosophy - (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
determinism - (philosophy) a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes; often understood as denying the possibility of free will
formalism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that formal (logical or mathematical) statements have no meaning but that its symbols (regarded as physical entities) exhibit a form that has useful applications
hereditarianism - the philosophical doctrine that heredity is more important than environment in determining intellectual growth
idealism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality
intuitionism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by intuition
logicism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all of mathematics can be derived from formal logic
mechanism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes
mentalism - (philosophy) a doctrine that mind is the true reality and that objects exist only as aspects of the mind's awareness
nativism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate
naturalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
Neoplatonism - a system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism; its most distinctive doctrine holds that the first principle and source of reality transcends being and thought and is naturally unknowable; "Neoplatonism was predominant in pagan Europe until the 6th century"; "Neoplatonism was a major influence on early Christian writers and on later medieval and Renaissance thought and on Islamic philosophy"
nominalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that the various objects labeled by the same term have nothing in common but their name
operationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that the meaning of a proposition consists of the operations involved in proving or applying it
Platonism, realism - (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names
pragmatism - (philosophy) the doctrine that practical consequences are the criteria of knowledge and meaning and value
probabilism - (philosophy) the doctrine that (since certainty is unattainable) probability is a sufficient basis for belief and action
rationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience
naive realism, realism - (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that physical objects continue to exist when not perceived
relativism - (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that all criteria of judgment are relative to the individuals and situations involved
Scholasticism - the system of philosophy dominant in medieval Europe; based on Aristotle and the Church Fathers
sensualism, sensationalism - (philosophy) the ethical doctrine that feeling is the only criterion for what is good
solipsism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that the self is all that you know to exist
Stoicism - (philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno
subjectivism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge and value are dependent on and limited by your subjective experience
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.