The diagnosis of thrombosis was based on doppler ultrasonography, tomography, magnetic resonance, arteriography, phlebography
, pulmonary gammagraphy and plethysmography.
Optimization of ascending phlebography
of the leg for screening of deep vein thrombosis in thromboprophylactic trials.
of the left arm demonstrated the venous anatomy of the shoulder region, as described above in the previously performed CT (Figure 2).
The diagnosis of nutcracker syndrome is still unclear; it may be confirmed by phlebography
and measurement of the venous pressure gradient between left renal vein and inferior vena cava or by intravascular ultrasound.
Correlation among the results of renocaval pressure measurements, varicocele scintigraphy, and phlebography
. J Urol 1986;135:489-93.
Although, it is an invasive procedure, phlebography
is indicated by several authors (ZUBAIR, HASHMI and SMAROFF, 2007] as the gold standard for diagnosing duplication of the inferior vena cava.
Combined radionuclide phlebography
and lung scanning in patients operated on for scoliosis with the Harrington procedure.
profession Edition CA 1 Practical Cisneros 1856 handbook on Aviles, phlebography
Bonifacio / arteriotomy and Physician other minor surgery operations CM 2 Handbook for Calvo and 1866 practitioner Martin, Jose / use Physician GV 3 Handbook for Garcia 1901 the Velasquez Practitioner Jeronimo / and the Physician Hospital Intern CB 4 Practitioner Cubells Blasco, 1903 handbook.
Evaluation of pelvic varicose veins using color doppler ultrasound: comparison of results obtained with ultrasound of the lower limbs, transvaginal ultrasound, and phlebography
. J Vasc Bras.
Invasive tests, such as phlebography
and direct measurement of the venous pressure, provide crucial anatomical and functional data that are needed to perform a safe surgical procedure .
There was no routine sonography or phlebography
of the subclavian vein prior to the intervention except in case of known previous DVT, previous central line use or failure to pass the guide wire in a previous attempt.