Further, the muscular contractions associated with phonatory
activity may physically redistribute the substance from the target site to surrounding areas.
results after laser surgery for glottic carcinoma.
There are reports about improved measures of noise and perturbation, phonatory
control, fundamental frequency, roughness, strain and pitch (24).
The main components of a clinical evaluation for these purposes are a general anamnesis, specialized voice-related anamnesis, auditory-perceptual voice quality evaluation, physical examination, visual examination of the phonatory
airway anatomy and function, and acoustic analysis (12).
One is its retrospective nature, which limited our ability to acquire information on our patients' phonatory
behavior, voice quality, and endoscopic laryngeal findings.
A companion to the text Evaluation and Management of Cleft Lip and Palate: A Developmental Perspective, this book aims to improve the knowledge base and clinical skills of students and speech-language pathologists through information and auditory-perceptual experiences to help them identify speech, resonance, and phonatory
problems associated with speakers with cleft palate.
If both the vocal cords had been operated by laser surgery, either vocal cord is available, although the cord with smooth surface and less fibrosis, if it exists, is usually reserved to allow for postoperative phonatory
function or for a second operation if required.
John Laver notes that "[the] main phonatory
characteristic of breathy voice, incomplete closure of the vocal folds, is consistent with Chiba and Kajiyama's comment ...
The voice production refers to the optimal coordination among the respiratory, phonatory
, resonation, and articulation subsystems, and changes at any level of this complex mechanism lead to certain voice and speech quality disorders [1-5].
 that about 70% to 80% of IPD patients would suffer from dysphonia or other phonatory
disorders, with the symptoms of decreased variation, roughness, increased asthenia, dysarthria, or voice tremor.
Unilateral RLN trauma is less serious complication as compared to bilateral RLN damage which is characterized by phonatory
, respiratory and psychological problems causing social and physical trauma to the patient.
Mitsikostas, "The existence of phonatory
instability in multiple sclerosis: an acoustic and electroglottographic study," Neurological Sciences, vol.