phoneme


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pho·neme

 (fō′nēm′)
n.
The smallest phonetic unit in a language that is capable of conveying a distinction in meaning, as the m of mat and the b of bat in English.

[French phonème, from Greek phōnēma, phōnēmat-, utterance, sound produced, from phōnein, to produce a sound, from phōnē, sound, voice; see bhā- in Indo-European roots.]

phoneme

(ˈfəʊniːm)
n
(Linguistics) linguistics one of the set of speech sounds in any given language that serve to distinguish one word from another. A phoneme may consist of several phonetically distinct articulations, which are regarded as identical by native speakers, since one articulation may be substituted for another without any change of meaning. Thus /p/ and /b/ are separate phonemes in English because they distinguish such words as pet and bet, whereas the light and dark /l/ sounds in little are not separate phonemes since they may be transposed without changing meaning
[C20: via French from Greek phōnēma sound, speech]

pho•neme

(ˈfoʊ nim)

n.
any of the minimal units of speech sound in a language that can serve to distinguish one word from another: The (p) of pit and the (b) of bit are considered two different phonemes, while the unaspirated (p) of spin and the aspirated (p) of pin are not. Compare allophone.
[1890–95; < French phonème < Greek phṓnēma sound <phōneîn to make a sound (derivative of phonḗ sound, voice)]

phoneme

- A word for a hallucination in which voices are heard.
See also related terms for heard.

phoneme

Any of the speech sounds in a language that convey a difference in meaning.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phoneme - (linguistics) one of a small set of speech sounds that are distinguished by the speakers of a particular language
linguistics - the scientific study of language
speech sound, phone, sound - (phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language
allophone - (linguistics) any of various acoustically different forms of the same phoneme
Translations
häälik
foneemi
fonem
fonéma
foneem
fonem

phoneme

[ˈfəʊniːm] Nfonema m

phoneme

[ˈfəʊniːm] nphonème mphone number nnuméro m de téléphonephone tap nécoute f téléphonique
He assured them that ministers were not subjected to phone taps → Il leur a assuré que les ministres n'étaient pas placés sous écoute téléphonique.phone tapping nécoutes fpl téléphoniques

phoneme

nPhonem nt

phoneme

[ˈfəʊniːm] n (Ling) → fonema m
References in periodicals archive ?
Deep Vellum, a translation publisher based in Dallas, US, is is expanding into publishing works originally written in English and has acquired the backlists of two separate independent publishing houses, Phoneme Media of Los Angeles and A Strange Object of Austin, book trade news company Publishers Weekly revealed on Tuesday.
Al-Saleh explained that her artwork consists of audio and video that revolves around the concept of deconstructing spoken language to its most basic form -- the phoneme (or "sawtam" in Arabic).
I had a chart and words prepared and we sorted the words according to the phoneme represented by <t>.
While earlier Sanskrit poeticians typically analyzed poetry to the level of the word or utterance, the Andhra poeticians developed rubrics for analyzing the metaphysical properties of poetic language's basic components--the phoneme (Sanskrit varna) and the metreme (Sanskrit gana).
Some argue orthographic input (i.e., the spelling of sounds) supports the acquisition of new phonemes (consonant and vowels) that are perceived as similar to an L1 phoneme (Cutler et al., 2006; Escudero et al., 2008).
In the phoneme synthesis task, the BG children scored a higher average than did the children in the other group.
It contains exercises and study questions for each phoneme, as well as phoneme descriptions detailing the place, manner, and listing of distinctive features; vocal fold and velopharyngeal port position; tongue position and how the phoneme is produced; variations in spelling; word position in Standard American English; and clinical information.
24 different sets of phoneme experiments were established and carried out using DIGITS30 corpora.
An innovative test of "phoneme pairs" proved efficacious in discriminating between the poetic corpora of Livingston and Moore (Jackson, Who Wrote 49-63).
In section 4 we will study their phoneme frequency distributions, and finally in section 5 there will be some concluding remarks.
Salt Lake City, UT, May 15, 2017 --(PR.com)-- The California-based edtech publisher Colvard Learning (CL) is offering its early literacy software programs—Pup's Quest for Phonics[R] and Professor Pup's Phoneme Farm[R]—to any Utah school wishing to try out CL apps through the end of this year.
In such contexts, one sort of confusion is created, as the listener cannot judge the proper location of phonemes. Some features are long in duration as compared to others.11 As a result the phoneme that is adjacent to a phoneme that bears elongated feature, changes its place and sometimes a non-local change takes place.