(7.) It is understood that most vowels will display slightly different qualities specific to a language, even though they may share the same phonetic symbol
. These differences are more easily heard than transliterated.
The phonetic symbol
[eta] in Table 1 (a) represents the sound that can also be heard at the end of the English words sing or song.
The information on each includes the phonetic symbol
for the sound, a photographs of the lips, a drawing of the side view of the mouth (also indicating voiced or unvoiced), a chart of palate contact, and a sonogram of the position of the tongue.
Perhaps the only error worth recording here affects the second phonetic symbol
in line 35 of page 77, which should be '[[Epsilon]:]'.
The more trained an ear was the larger the number of possible variations; there was no limit to variations, but, without much refinement of accepted phonetic practice, it was possible to establish a one-to-one relationship with Basic English so that one phonetic symbol
was equivalent to an entire word in a "normal" language, one Speedtalk word was equal to an entire sentence.
Its primary function is to enable one to check the meaning of an unfamiliar phonetic symbol
encountered in the phonetics or linguistics literature.
In these seven words, the letters I and Y are, in each case, both represented by the phonetic symbol
(The inserted "Corrigenda" page hardly scratches the surface.) Also, in some cases, I could not decide whether the data, perhaps reflecting an erroneous phonetic symbol
, were correct or not (e.g., xasara 'insect' for hasara), yet on the basis of Cairene hasara (Badawi and Hinds, 207), I suspect the published form (five times alone on pp.
In this case, the middle phonetic symbol
must represent at least 2 letters, and these must not be the same letter otherwise the word itself would be a palindrome.
A dilemma inherent in IPA transcription is that the presence of a single phonetic symbol
, without the inclusion of optional symbols, tends to reinforce the assumption that only one should be considered.
'e') as the phonetic symbol
of English which can be represented by the most letters of the alphabet.
A phonetic symbol
can never give us the exact quality of a sound.