(fə-nŏg′rə-fē, fō-)
1. The science or practice of transcribing speech by means of symbols representing elements of sound; phonetic transcription.
2. A system of shorthand based on phonetic transcription.

pho·nog′ra·pher, pho·nog′ra·phist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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William Delisle Hay's Three Hundred Years Hence (1881) admits its own didactic purpose through a preface by a devoted student, who has solemnly recorded and is transmitting to posterity the instructive lectures of one Professor Patrick Blount Macpherson Meister: "As an amateur phonographer, I am in the habit of bringing my apparatus into the lecture-hall, and of phonographing the Professor's lectures for the subsequent benefit of his class" (Hay 13).
And most of its repertoire was written out note for note, leaving the phonographer only so much leeway.
An advert declared: "Isaac Pitman will be glad to meet the phonographers of Liverpool for the purpose of conversing on various matters connected with phonetic shorthand."
Thirty-six years later: to be moving around in the digital domain, assembling fragments of performance from musicians, sound artists, phonographers, writers, artists, collected from various rooms--maybe not even rooms--then constructed to form a single ensemble in a room.