phonographist

pho·nog·ra·phy

 (fə-nŏg′rə-fē, fō-)
n.
1. The science or practice of transcribing speech by means of symbols representing elements of sound; phonetic transcription.
2. A system of shorthand based on phonetic transcription.

pho·nog′ra·pher, pho·nog′ra·phist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.