Also found in: Wikipedia.


 (fə-nŏg′rə-fē, fō-)
1. The science or practice of transcribing speech by means of symbols representing elements of sound; phonetic transcription.
2. A system of shorthand based on phonetic transcription.

pho·nog′ra·pher, pho·nog′ra·phist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Linguistics) a writing system that represents sounds by individual symbols. Compare logography
2. (Linguistics) the employment of such a writing system
phoˈnographer, phoˈnographist n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(foʊˈnɒg rə fi)

n., pl. -phies.
1. phonetic spelling, writing, or shorthand.
2. a system of phonetic shorthand, as that invented by Sir Isaac Pitman in 1837.
pho•nog′ra•pher, pho•nog′ra•phist, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. any system of phonetic shorthand, as that of Pitman.
2. phonetic spelling, writing, or shorthand. — phonographer, phonographist, n.phonographic, adj.
See also: Writing
any phonetic spelling, writing, or shorthand system. — phonog-rapher, phonographist, n. — phonographic, phonographical, adj.
See also: Spelling
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He discusses Liliencron, captain of the 19th century: naturalism as martial phonography; bring the war home: tympanic transductions from the battlefield to fin-de-diecle Vienna; drumming literature into the ground: Dada's tympanic regime; toward a modernist ear: Robert Musil and the poetics of acoustic space; into the inaudible: sound and imperception in Kafka's late writings, and Nazi soundscapes and their reverberation in postwar culture.
Hallam practiced this phonography by hand alongside the emergence of the phonograph in the late 1870s.
From the moment phonography was invented by Thomas A.
(3) Those media include photography, phonography, the telegraph, film, and many others.
Think of the stereopticon and early cinema, phonography and photography, telephones and bicycles, railroads and rallies, as competing agents vying for the right to store and communicate human bodies, words, and voices.
Such is the understanding of modernism and the avant-garde of Friedrich Kittler (1990, 1999), who wanted to make a strict distinction between play with alphabetic signs and the effects on time and temporalities that inventions such as film and phonography would have.
In addition to the two just mentioned, there are chapters on acoustics, body, deafness, echo, hearing, image, language, listening, music, noise, phonography, radio, religion, resonance, silence, space, synthesis, and transduction.
Cineradiography, tape recording, phonography spirometry, glottography, oscillography and electromyography will help in assessing the impairment of the vocal cord movement during the disease process and also in assisting the improvement of vocal cord vibration during recovery after the treatment.