L'Osservatorio (Bologna, 1850-1852), The New York Musical Gazette (New York, 1866-1874), Concordia (London, 1875-1876), Musician and Artist (Boston, 1876), Rivista musicale italiana (Turin, Milan, 1894-1955), The Looker-On (New York, 1895-1897), The Musician (London, 1897), Revue international de musique (Paris, 1898-1899), Mercure musical (Paris, 1905-1906), Wiener Zeitschrift fur Musik (Vienna, 1908), Der Maker (Vienna, 1909-1922), La Musique pendant la guene (Paris, 1914-1916), The Chesterian (London, 1916-1940, 1947-1961), Nea Phorminx
(Athens, 1921-1923), Pull und Taktstock (Vienna, 1924-1930), Music Front (New York, 1935), and Revue international de musique (Brussels.
These instruments will include, of course, the lyre (chelys and barbitos types), the phorminx
, the cithara, the sambuca and the bendir.
But Odysseus, like a musician stringing his phorminx
, skillfully and effortlessly ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 409) touches the sheep-gut string and pulls it back.
([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) (Athens, 1921-1923)
Greek stringed instruments included the Chelys Lyre, Kithara, Barbitos, Phorminx
, Thracian Kithara, and Harp.
These were the ones he led down from Pieria, bewitched by his phorminx
. Klooster perceptively points out that the phrasing of [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'seems to allude to hexameter verse', and sees an allusion in the oak trees, 'arranged in orderly rows by Orpheus' songs, to the use of [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] as a technical term for poetic material.
As an epic singer, he went from town to town, or from noble house to noble house, to find new audiences, and he sang his poems to them in partly extemporaneous performance, accompanying himself on the phorminx
(a four-stringed lyre), like the bards described in the Odyssey (Book 8, lines 62-73).
Anderson rounds on Bowra for saying that it was delivered in a style that was 'really no more than recitative', but then goes on to point out that the virtuosity of the Iliad or the Odyssey is not matched by comparable developments in regard to musical resources such as the phorminx
, with its three or four strings.