Phoronida

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Noun1.Phoronida - small phylum of wormlike marine animalsPhoronida - small phylum of wormlike marine animals
animal kingdom, Animalia, kingdom Animalia - taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct animals
phoronid - hermaphrodite wormlike animal living in mud of the sea bottom
phylum - (biology) the major taxonomic group of animals and plants; contains classes
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References in periodicals archive ?
The mitochondrial genome of Phoronis architecta--comparisons demonstrate that phoronids are lophotrochozoan protostomes.
We report in this study the occurrence of the larval forms of 13 invertebrate taxa, including an hoplitomella larvae of the boring sponge Thoosa, "lophophorates" larval stages: an actinotroch of phoronids, ciphonaute of bryozoans and lobate of brachiopods.
Their zoological affinities have long been debated, but they likely belong to the Lophothrochozoa (Vinn & Zaton 2012) and could represent stem group phoronids (Taylor et al.
In particular, we examined brachiopods, phoronids, and nemerteans, all of which are closely related to annelids and molluscs (Halanych, 2004; Dunn et al., 2008; Kocot et al., 2010, 2011).
Butterfield, "Early Cambrian 'Soft-Shelled' Brachiopods as Possible Stem-Group Phoronids," Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 54, no.
Cohena,, Agata Weydmann (2005) "Molecular evidence that phoronids are a subtaxon of brachiopods(Brachiopoda: Phoronata) and that genetic divergence of metazoan phylabegan long before the early Cambrian" Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 5 (2005) 253-273
Molecular evidence thai phoronids are a subtaxon of brachiopods (Brachiopoda: Phoronata) and that genetic divergence of metazoan phyla began long before the Early Cambrian.
Many animals construct simple lined or unlined vertical burrows in a wide range of environments, from insects (Bown 1982) and spiders (Schlirf and Uchman 2005) in continental firmground and overbank deposits, to tube-building annelids and phoronids (Alpert 1974) in marine settings.
In addition, Skolithos is commonly interpreted as opportunistic, vertical dwelling burrows formed by annelids or phoronids (Osgood, 1970; Alpert, 1974).
Grouping Moll Poly Tana Phor Amph Hemi Carc Bird Moll [ldots] 0.0001 0.0001 0.110 0.0003 0.003 0.0003 0.559 Poly -0.737 [ldots] 0.0001 0.172 0.0001 0.026 0.0002 0.006 Tana -0.641 0.808 [ldots] 0.132 0.026 0.025 0.005 0.010 Phor 0.271 -0.232 -0.256 [ldots] 0.005 0.036 0.012 0.994 Amph 0.570 -0.630 -0.371 0.461 [ldots] 0.139 0.001 0.014 Hemi 0.483 -0.371 -0.374 0.351 0.251 [ldots] 0.002 0.020 Carc -0.564 0.589 0.462 -0.416 -0.516 -0.490 [ldots] 0.688 Bird 0.101 -0.447 -0.425 0.001 0.407 -0.386 -0.069 [ldots] Note: Moll = molluscs (Nutricola spp.), Poly = polychaetes (Pseudopolydora sp., Exogene sp., and Lumbrineris sp.), Tana = tanaids (Leptochelia dubia Phor = phoronids (Phoronopsis viridis), Amph = amphipods (Paraphoxus sp.
(brachiopods, phoronids and sea pens for example) and vagile organisms