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 (fŏs′fə-tās′, -tāz′)
Any of numerous enzymes that catalyze the removal of phosphate groups by hydrolysis of phosphate ester bonds. They act in the opposite manner to kinases and are important in metabolism and cell signaling.


(ˈfɒsfəˌteɪs; -ˌteɪz)
(Biochemistry) any of a group of enzymes that catalyse the hydrolysis of organic phosphates


(ˈfɒs fəˌteɪs, -ˌteɪz)

any of several classes of esterases of varying specificity that catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphoric esters.
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Noun1.phosphatase - any of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates
enzyme - any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
References in periodicals archive ?
5 for phosphatases from Glycine max while fungal phytase from Aspergillus niger while Triticum aestivum showed similar pH optima (Lei et al.
Cantharidin can inhibit the activity of protein phosphatases, new researches for the inhibition of protein phosphatases have been implemented.
Many reports have appeared of the use of selective-inactivation techniques including the heat inactivation to provide qualitative or semi-quantitative estimates of the relative proportions of liver and bone phosphatases in serum like studies done by Posen et al.
Acid phosphatases are enzymes highly expressed in plants and especially in plant tissues such as roots, bulbs, seeds, tubers, coleoptiles and leaves (Yan et al.
Characterization of hematopoietic intracellular protein tyrosine phosphatases: Description of a phosphatase containing an SH2 domain and another enriched in proline-, glutamic acid-, serine-, and threonine-rich sequences.
Mineral fertilization (NPK) increased acid phosphatase activity (phosphatases catalyze the hydrolysis of esters and anhydrides of [H.
For example urease is involved in hydrolysis of urea; phosphatases change the organic phosphorus into inorganic form and make it available to plants (Schneider et al.
Dr Rita Tewari of the University of Nottingham has completed what she describes as a 'Herculean study', has said that the latest study identifies how protein phosphatases regulate parasite development and differentiation and the research provides a systematic functional analysis for all the 30 phosphatases in Plasmodium berghei, which is the parasite responsible for causing malaria in rodents.
Part two digs into current research on functionality of kinases and phosphatases in several parasitic groups including trypanosomatids, kinetoplastids, Plasmodium, and Entameoba histolytica.
2007) and excised roots as a source of native phosphatases (MacFall et al.
PRL-3 protein (phosphatase of regenerating liver-3) belongs to the family of protein tyrosine phosphatases, which play an important role in regulating physiological and pathological cell processes.
Having provided the proof of principle that serine/threonine phosphatases are drug targets, we aim to investigate the detailed molecular mechanism by which guanabenz selectively inhibits PPP1R15A/GADD34, using a combination of biophysical and structural approaches (Aim 3).