Triglycerides or fats are the chief constitutions of olive oil and it comprises minor extents of glycerol and free fatty acids as well and there are microscopic quantities of phosphatides
, flavor compounds, sterols and pigments present in olive oil.
The study finds that increasing demand for ammonium phosphatides
in the chocolate and confectionery will continue to drive gains in 2019 and beyond.
The percentage of lipids is the second largest component of the proximate composition in terms of quantity in the Buriti pulp analyzed and represents all substances soluble in organic solvent, including oils and fats, carotenoids, chlorophyll and other pigments, in addition to sterols, phosphatides
, liposoluble vitamins among others (IAL, 2008).
Along with it, the disorder in a metabolism of fat acid can be caused by the nonspecific early inhibition to include fat acid in erythrocyte phosphatides
. Such inhibition can be caused by a decrease of erythrocytes ATP stocks at the expense of the glucose deficiency in vitro.
occidentalis seed oil contains phosphatides
(hydratable and nonhydratable) as one of the soluble materials, hydratable one can be removed with 2-3% hot water while the non-hydratable ones are removed with addition of phosphoric or citric acid (Lusas, 2002; Gunstone and Norris, 1983).
Also zinc is part of some enzymes structure, such as: Alkaline Phosphatase, phosphatides
lipase, Carboxypeptidase, RNA polymerase, Dehydrogenase and Aldolase (Pandy et al, 2002).
Lipids are mainly composed of 90-98% (weight) of TAGs, small amounts of mono- and diglycerides, free fatty acids (1-5%), and residual amounts of phospholipids, phosphatides
, carotenes, tocopherols, sulphur compounds, and traces of water .
Surfactant protein A (SP-A) is a main inhibitor of sPLA2 and serves as an integral component of alveolar surfactant consisting of 85~90% phosphatides
, 5~10% protein, and 5% sugar .
It also contains 95% triacylglycerols with traces of other constituents such as phosphatides
, sterols, tocopherols, and tocotrienols.
Crude oil, when extracted from vegetable, animal tissues and other sources are found to contain a number of impurities like free fatty acids, phosphatides
, metal ions, waxes, oxidation products, colour bodies, which should be removed from the oil to make it suitable for human consumption and bio-fuel production.
Chromatographic separation, identification and analysis of phosphatides
It is also essential component of nucleic acids, phosphatides
, phospholipids, chromosomes, coenzymes, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and adenosine tri phosphate (Ahmad and Rashid, 2003).