phospholipid


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phos·pho·lip·id

 (fŏs′fō-lĭp′ĭd)
n.
Any of various phosphorus-containing lipids, such as lecithin and cephalin, that are composed mainly of fatty acids, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule. Also called phosphatide.

phospholipid

(ˌfɒsfəˈlɪpɪd)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any of a group of compounds composed of fatty acids, phosphoric acid, and a nitrogenous base: important constituents of all membranes. Also called: phosphatide

phos•pho•lip•id

(ˌfɒs foʊˈlɪp ɪd)

n.
any of a group of fatty compounds, composed of phosphoric esters, present in living cells.
[1925–30]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phospholipid - any of various compounds composed of fatty acids and phosphoric acid and a nitrogenous base; an important constituent of membranes
tissue layer, membrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants
lecithin - a yellow phospholipid essential for the metabolism of fats; found in egg yolk and in many plant and animal cells; used commercially as an emulsifier
lipid, lipide, lipoid - an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, phospholipid metabolism plays a crucial role in both cell signaling and structural development.
Objective: To measure patterns of fish intake and to investigate the extent to which these may predict serum phospholipid levels of the very-long-chain (VLC) omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic (EPA C20:5 omega-3) and docosahexaenoic (DHA C22:6 omega-3) acids in a sample of children.
Scientists at the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) and the Department of Surgery at Emory University in Atlanta, GA, are using phase-sensitive neutron reflectometry to characterize the structure of a medically relevant membrane-mimetic system composed of a polyelectrolyte cushion, a terpolymer, and a self-assembled phospholipid monolayer.
The findings indicate that phospholipid metabolism in the brain is abnormal in ME sufferers, resulting in damage to nerve cells.
The rub cleanses and moisturizes, and it leaves a fine layer of protective, soy lecithin-derived phospholipid on the skin's surface, which feels fabulously silky
For example, phospholipid molecular species containing docosahexaenoic acid (22:6[omega]3) are believed to be important in controlling finfish membrane fluidity (3-6), but a direct correlation between 22:6[omega]3 and membrane fluidity has not been found (4, 5, 7, 8).
They suggest that phospholipid metabolism may play a role in explaining the 'surprisingly clear' result of their study.
Phospholipid levels in breast milk and infant plasma were measured at 4 and 8 months of age, and infant neurodevelopmental status was assessed at 12 and 30 months of age, using several different neurodevelopmental scales, said Dr.
A total of 276 breast-feeding mothers were randomly assigned to receive one of two docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements, both providing 200 mg of DHA daily or to receive a placebo for 120 days after delivery Phospholipid levels in breast milk and infant plasma were measured at 4 and 8 months of age, and infant neurodevelopmental status was assessed at 12 and 30 months of age, using several different neurodevelopmental scales, said Dr.
Today, soy lecithin has gained new importance as the source of a series of phospholipid nutrients.
Women with recurrent miscarriages should be evaluated for these antibodies by their doctors and if they have phospholipid antibodies, they should be treated,'' said Dr.
The testing has demonstrated that Ceramax delivers phospholipid building blocks to the epidermis.