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1. The art or process of producing images of objects on photosensitive surfaces.
2. The art, practice, or occupation of taking and printing photographs.
3. A body of photographs.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Photography) the process of recording images on sensitized material by the action of light, X-rays, etc, and the chemical processing of this material to produce a print, slide, or cine film
2. (Photography) the art, practice, or occupation of taking and printing photographs, making cine films, etc
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(fəˈtɒg rə fi)

1. the process or art of producing images of objects on sensitized surfaces by the chemical action of light or of other forms of radiant energy.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


See also art; films

1. the measurement of the intensity of radiation with a recording actinometer, usually by the photochemical effect.
2. the calculation of suitable exposure times in photography through the use of a recording actinometer. — actinographic, adj.
a form of photography used to record astronomical phenomena.
1. a photographic process in which pictures are produced in one color or shades of one color by the use of a carbon pigment. Also called autotypy.
2. the picture so created.
the art of making colored photographs.
the art or principles of making motion pictures. — cinematic, adj.
the art or technique of motion-picture photography. — cinematographer, cinematographist, n.cinematographic, adj.
1. a photographic plate made with a gelatin film, capable of highly detailed reproductions.
2. the process of making such a plate.
3. the picture made with such a plate.
a blueprint.
an obsolete form of photography in which images were produced on chemically treated plates of metal or glass. — daguerreotypic, daguerreotypical, adj.daguerreotypist, n.
an optical device for measuring the density of a photographic negative.
an apparatus for electrically transmitting pictures. — electrograph, n.electrographic, adj.
1. an early photographic process in which a positive image was taken directly on a thin plate of sensitized iron or tin.
2. the picture produced by this method. Also called stannotype, tintype.
a form of photography for examining the interior of the stomach by introducing a small camera into it.
the art or process of producing natural color photographic prints; color photography. — heliochrome, n.heliochromic, adj.
the practice of making phototypes.
the process of making pictures by printing directly from gelatin film that has been exposed under a negative and fixed with chrome alum.
a technique for producing a three-dimensional photographic representation, recorded on film by a reflected laser beam of a subject illuminated by part of the same laser beam.
an optical device similar to a stereoscope in which a photograph is greatly magnified and the effect of perspective is deepened.
an instrument for recording and reproducing the illusion of motion by means of a series of photographs.
an instrument for photographing clouds.
the quality or condition of being sensitive to all colors, as certain types of photographic film. — panchromatic, adj.
the use of photography as an aid to book description.
a biography related mostly or entirely through photographs.
the process or production of color photographs; color photography. Cf. heliochromy.
1. a camera for recording motion by a series of photographs taken at brief intervals.
2. the photograph so produced.
3. a camera that records the exact time of the event it is photographing by exposing a moving sensitized plate to the tracing of a thin beam of light synchronized with the event.
a photoplay or dramatic narrative illustrated with or related through photographs.
photogravure or the process of engraving by means of photography. — photoglyphic, adj.
the use of photography for surveying or map-making. Cf. phototopography.
1. a form of photoengraving in which the photograph is reproduced on an intaglio surface and then transferred to paper.
2. the photograph produced by this process.
a form of journalism in which photographs play a more important part than written copy. — photojournalist, n.
the process of making lithographs produced by photoengraving. Cf. photogravure. — photolithographer, n.photolithographic, adj.
the process of taking photographs through a microscope. Also called photomicroscopy. — photomicrograph, n.
surveying or map-making by means of photography. Cf. photogrammetry.phototopographic, phototopographical, adj.
the art or technique of making photographic plates. — phototypic, adj.
1. a photographic process in which a platinum salt is used in place of the more usual silver salts to produce a more permanent print.
2. a photographic print so made.
a photograph produced on film by the radioactive rays from the object being photographed. Also called autoradiograph. — radioautographic, adj.radioautography, n.
the technique of producing images on photographic film by the action of x rays or other radioactive materials. Also called scotography. — radiograph, n.
the process or technique of transmitting and receiving photographs by radio.
a collective term for all kinds of processes used for the facsimile reproduction of documents or books.
x-ray photography.
radiography. See also radiation. — scotograph, n.
a device for determining the sensitivity of film. — sensitometiy, n.sensitometric, adj.
the technique of using a spectrograph, an optical device for breaking light down into a spectrum and recording the results photographically. — spectrographic, adj.
a photograph of the sun made using monochromatic light.
1. the art or process of photographing distant objects by using a telephoto lens or a telescope with a camera.
2. electrography. — telephotographic, adj.
an apparatus combining a telescope and the camera lucida, used for producing images of distant objects on a screen.
the motion-picture photography of a slow and continuous process, as the sprouting of a seed, especially by exposing one frame at a time at regular intervals.
x-ray photography of a thin cross section of tissue.
a stereoscopic process involving two superimposed images polarized at 90° to each other and viewed through polarizing glasses for a three-dimensional effect. — vectograph, n.vectographic, adj.
1. an early photographic process in which a relief image on gelatin is used to produce an intaglio impression on a lead or other soft metal plate from which prints are then made in a press.
2. the picture produced by this process.
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: - the act of taking and printing photographsphotography - the act of taking and printing photographs
posing, sitting - (photography) the act of assuming a certain position (as for a photograph or portrait); "he wanted his portrait painted but couldn't spare time for the sitting"
intensification - the act of increasing the contrast of (a photographic film)
photography - the occupation of taking and printing photographs or making movies
pictorial representation, picturing - visual representation as by photography or painting
radiography - photography that uses other kinds of radiation than visible light
xerography - forming an image by the action of light on a specially coated charged plate; the latent image is developed with powders that adhere only to electrically charged areas; "edge enhancement is intrinsic in xerography"
telephotography - photography using a telephoto lens
exposure - the act of exposing film to light
contrast - the range of optical density and tone on a photographic negative or print (or the extent to which adjacent areas on a television screen differ in brightness)
inscription, dedication - a short message (as in a book or musical work or on a photograph) dedicating it to someone or something
record - anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events; "the film provided a valuable record of stage techniques"
processor - someone who processes things (foods or photographs or applicants etc.)
reticulation - (photography) the formation of a network of cracks or wrinkles in a photographic emulsion
underdevelopment - (photography) inadequate processing of film resulting in inadequate contrast
touch up, retouch - alter so as to produce a more desirable appearance; "This photograph has been retouched!"
blow up, enlarge, magnify - make large; "blow up an image"
handcolor, handcolour - color by hand; "Some old photographs are handcolored"
sensitise, sensitize - make (a material) sensitive to light, often of a particular colour, by coating it with a photographic emulsion; "sensitize the photographic film"
photograph, shoot, snap - record on photographic film; "I photographed the scene of the accident"; "She snapped a picture of the President"
retake - photograph again; "Please retake that scene"
x-ray - take an x-ray of something or somebody; "The doctor x-rayed my chest"
block out, mask - shield from light
overexpose - expose excessively; "As a child, I was overexposed to French movies"
underexpose - expose insufficiently; "The child was underexposed to language"
expose - expose to light, of photographic film
overexpose - expose to too much light; "the photographic film was overexposed and there is no image"
solarise, solarize - overexpose to sunlight; "be careful not to solarize the photographic film"
solarise, solarize - become overexposed; "The film solarized"
underexpose - expose to too little light; "The film is underexposed, so the image is very dark"
solarise, solarize - reverse some of the tones of (a negative or print) and introduce pronounced outlines of highlights, by exposing it briefly to light, then washing and redeveloping it
develop - make visible by means of chemical solutions; "Please develop this roll of film for me"
underdevelop - process (a film or photographic plate) less than the required time or in an ineffective solution or at an insufficiently high temperature; "These photos are underdeveloped"
color, colour - having or capable of producing colors; "color film"; "he rented a color television"; "marvelous color illustrations"
black and white, black-and-white - not having or not capable of producing colors; "black-and-white film"; "a black-and-white TV"; "the movie was in black and white"
flat - lacking contrast or shading between tones
contrasty - having sharp differences between black and white - the process of producing images of objects on photosensitive surfaces
physical process, process - a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states; "events now in process"; "the process of calcification begins later for boys than for girls"
anaglyphy - the process of producing pictures in contrasting colors that appear three-dimensional when superimposed and viewed through spectacles with one red and one green lens
autotype, autotypy - process for producing permanent prints in a carbon pigment
digital photography - a photographic method that stores the image digitally for later reproduction
dry plate, dry plate process - a former photographic method that used a glass plate coated with a light-sensitive gelatinous emulsion
photomechanics, photoplate making - the process whereby printing surfaces (plates or cylinders) are produced by photographic methods; "photomechanics revolutionized the practice of printing"
powder method, powder photography, powder technique - a process for identifying minerals or crystals; a small rod is coated with a powdered form of the substance and subjected to suitably modified X-rays; the pattern of diffracted rings is used for identification
radiography, skiagraphy - the process of making a radiograph; producing an image on a radiosensitive surface by radiation other than visible light
scanning - the process of translating photographs into a digital form that can be recognized by a computer
video digitizing - the process of capturing and converting and storing video images for use by a computer
develop - make visible by means of chemical solutions; "Please develop this roll of film for me"
underdevelop - process (a film or photographic plate) less than the required time or in an ineffective solution or at an insufficiently high temperature; "These photos are underdeveloped"
redevelop - develop for a second time, in order to improve the contrast, colour, etc., of a negative or print - the occupation of taking and printing photographs or making movies
job, line of work, occupation, business, line - the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money; "he's not in my line of business"
photography, picture taking - the act of taking and printing photographs
intensify - make the chemically affected part of (a negative) denser or more opaque in order produce a stronger contrast between light and dark
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
nghề chụp ảnh


[fəˈtɒgrəfɪ] Nfotografía f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


photographie f
fashion photography → la photographie de mode
modif [course] → de photographie; [students] → en photographiephoto id [ˌfəʊtəʊaɪˈdiː] npièce f d'identité avec photo
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


nFotografie f; (in film, book etc) → Fotografien pl, → Aufnahmen pl, → Bilder pl; his photography is marvellousseine Fotografien etc sind hervorragend
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[fəˈtɒgrəfɪ] nfotografia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈfəutəgraːf) noun
(abbreviation photo (ˈfoutou) ) a picture taken by a camera, using the action of light on film or plates covered with certain chemicals. I took a lot of photographs during my holiday.
to take a photograph or photographs of (a person, thing etc). He spends all his time photographing old buildings.
photographer (fəˈtogrəfə) noun
He is a professional photographer.
ˌphotoˈgraphic (-ˈgrӕ-) adjective
of photographs or photography. a photographic record of his journey.
photography (fəˈtogrəfi) noun
the act of taking photographs. He's very keen on photography.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


الْتَّصْوِيرُ الْفُوتُوغْرَافِيّ fotografování fotografi Fotografie φωτογραφία fotografía valokuvaus photographie fotografija fotografia 写真撮影 사진술 fotografie fotografering fotografia arte fotográfica, fotografia (arte) фотография fotografering การถ่ายภาพ fotoğrafçılık nghề chụp ảnh 摄影
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
It may be a very bad attempt at a briar, but briars don't straggle into the middle of roads frequented as that one seems to be--judging by those overdone ruts." He put the etching away, showing no disposition to look further into the portfolio, and remarked, "The only art that interests me is photography."
To the romance the novel is what photography is to painting.
In order to eliminate the reference to our perceptions, which introduces an irrelevant psychological suggestion, I will take a different illustration, namely, stellar photography. A photographic plate exposed on a clear night reproduces the appearance of the portion of the sky concerned, with more or fewer stars according to the power of the telescope that is being used.
but many antedated photography, and were pictured in
Photography has given us proofs of the incomparable beauty of our satellite; all is known regarding the moon which mathematical science, astronomy, geology, and optics can learn about her.
What this incomparable mountain really is, with all the projections converging toward it, and the interior excrescences of its crater, photography itself could never represent.
When Americans went abroad in 1820 there was something romantic, almost heroic in it, as compared with the perpetual ferryings of the present hour, when photography and other conveniences have annihilated surprise.
"Never was such a fellow for photography. Snapping away with a camera when he ought to be improving his mind, and then diving down into the cellar like a rabbit into its hole to develop his pictures.
why what can she know about photography? But it was a poor time to be thinking.
And so it ends in your spoiling canvas with paints, and making a smell in the house; or in keeping tadpoles in a glass box full of dirty water, and turning everybody's stomach in the house; or in chipping off bits of stone here, there, and everywhere, and dropping grit into all the victuals in the house; or in staining your fingers in the pursuit of photography, and doing justice without mercy on everybody's face in the house.
Lastly, in the billiard-room, they had a great and lengthy pool, while I sat aloof and chafed more than ever in the company of a very serious Scotchman, who had arrived since dinner, and who would talk of nothing but the recent improvements in instantaneous photography. He had not come to play in the matches (he told me), but to obtain for Lord Amersteth such a series of cricket photographs as had never been taken before; whether as an amateur or a professional photographer I was unable to determine.
It cannot be shown by photography, not even in moving-pictures, because so much of it is concealed inside its wooden body.